Biography of Diego. "Caramurú" Alvares Correia (1475-1557)

Portuguese colonizer, known among the indigenous peoples of Brazil with the name of Caramuru. He/She was born, according to some, in Viana do Castelo (Portugal), in 1475, and, according to others, in La Coruña (Spain), in the 15th century. For this reason is sometimes known as Diego Álvarez Correa. He/She died April 5, 1557, in Salvador.

To 1510, embarked bound for the new world with the project to sell fine woods, especially the famous 'pau-brasil'. Reaching Brazilian coasts, a strong storm did wreck the ship on which was the Bay of Salvador, opposite the Itaparica Island. All crew members perished in the wreck, some drowned, and other devoured by the tupinamba Indians, managing to survive only Diego Álvares. This, according to legend, won the confidence of the Indians, by its physical presence and perhaps also your firearm. The truth is that the Indians called Caramuru, which means, according to some, 'wet white man', and according to other, "man of fire". The chieftain Taparica offered as a wife to the Castaway newcomer to his daughter Paraguasu. diego Álvarez was established among the natives, in a village called Vila-Velha, which then other Portuguese settled. With their knowledge and experience, Caramuru worked to the advancement of the indigenous population, while also entering in contact with the French expeditionary who marketed 'pau-brasil'. In 1526, the couple traveled to France, where on 30 July 1528 Paraguasu was baptized in Saint Malo with the name of Katherine du Brezil ('Catalina from the Brazil'), as recorded in the book of records of baptism. Despite his contacts with the French, Diego Álvares provided full cooperation to the colonization of the Portuguese in Brazil. So he/she did with Tomé de Souza when he/she came to found the city of Salvador, landing at the place of March 29, 1549. Many services to the Portuguese Crown, Diego Álvares received a Fidalgo of the Royal House of Juan III. For its part, the wife of Diego Alavares strove to indoctrination in the faith of the members of his people. He/She built the chapel of our Lady of grace, and went down in history as an important symbol of feminine, exercising an important role in the integration of the races in the Brazilian people.

The adventure of Caramuru was conceived in the 18th century by fray José de Santa Rita Durão, Professor of theology of the University of Coimbra, in the poem titled Caramuru.