Biography of Gregorio Álvarez Armellino (1925-VVVV)

Military and Uruguayan politician, President of the Republic between 1981 and 1985, born on November 26, 1925 in Montevideo. His full name is Gregorio Conrado Álvarez Armellino.

He joined the national military Academy in 1940, in graduated as an officer of the regiment of Cavalry (1946-1959). From 1960 to 1962 he/she was head of cavalry operations at the school of military instruction, and between 1962 and 1979, the Republican Guard of Montevideo. In 1971, it reached the Generalate.

As head of the fight against the tupamara subversion, Álvarez executed the dictates of the civil power under the presidencies of Juan Pacheco Areco (1967-1972) and J. M. Bordaberry (1972-1976), marked by the suspension of constitutional guarantees, the intensification of acts of urban guerrilla warfare, and the consequent repression by security forces. The endowment of successive powers put the army to combat the Tupamaro movement in position of strength with regard to the civil power, and from the end of 1972 the high military command lavished acts of interference and recriminatorias statements toward the political class, in turn deeply divided regarding the steps to be taken to remove the country from the institutional morass. In what was a gradual and silent coup d ' état, in February 1973 it was imposed on President Bordaberry a National Security Council dominated by the military, as a parallel government, Álvarez Armellino came to lead. The army consummated its plan on September 25, with the dissolution of Parliament and a ban on political activity.

Álvarez, promoted to Commander of the 4th Division in 1974 and Chief of the army staff in 1978, emerged as head visible, allegedly moderate, from the Board of General officers in power, after the constitutional facade of Bordaberry and his successor in 1976, A. Méndez. This particularly dark period, Uruguay suffered massive violations of human rights, with a balance of torture, murder and exile population comparable (and even higher) to the related arrangements of Paraguay, Brazil, Argentina and Chile.

After leaving the headquarters of the army in 1979, Álvarez, with political ambitions, was appointed by fellow Board President of the Republic, in accordance with the programme for the return of power to the civilians, which was produced in 1985. Álvarez came to power on September 1, 1981 and launched the program of transition; its contradictions and persistent authoritarianism sparked mass demonstrations and a general strike in the last months of 1983 and early 1984. The expected elections were held on 25 November that last year General (to which could not attend for prison historical leaders of the national party and the broad front, Wilson Ferreira Aldunate and Líber Seregni, respectively), the Colorado Party and its candidate, J. M. Sanguinettiwon. Álvarez resigned on February 11, 1985 and Sanguinetti took office the following March 1.

Approval of April 16, 1989 in the "law of revocation" referendum passed in December 1986, exempted Álvarez and the rest of the military commanders of any responsibility for the crimes committed during the dictatorship.