Biography of Gabriel de Álvarez de Mendizábal e Iraeta (1750-1850)

Spanish military that exact birth and death date and place are unknown. He/She was a Knight of the order of Calatrava and served, among others, the national positions of lieutenant general of the armies, Deputy of the Manor and political boss of Vizcaya.

When he/she was Colonel of the regiment of volunteers from Navarra, came in Bilbao, on September 23, 1804, at the head of a contingent to help put an end to a riot known as the "Zamacolada". During the war of independence, he/she participated in the vanguard at the battle of Zornoza (November 1, 1808), which lost the Spanish troops against the French. He/She was promoted to lieutenant general in 1809, and second general of the army of the left on September 23, 1810. He/She directed a "Proclamation to the garrison and residents of Badajoz" (published in the mercantile Journal of Cadiz, on October 22, 1810), in which, to reassure the people of this city, praised his general in Chief. An agenda of the left army included another proclaims him a the "soldiers that you compose this army cavalry" (written in Berlanga, on December 18, 1810). His "Manifesto" about the loss of Olivenza (Badajoz, January 24, 1811), was published in the mercantile Journal of Cádiz, 13 February 1811.

Organized, in the mountains of Santander, the Seventh Army's operations, and took over his command, comprising the provinces of Rioja, Burgos, Navarre, Santander, Vizcaya, Guipúzcoa and Álava; with him, he/she tried to take Bilbao in 1812. A part of him, directed to the President and members of the Board of Burgos and Segovia, drafted in Palacios de la Sierra (Burgos), December 8, 1811, was published in the General Editor of Spain (No. 327, may 6, 1812; taken from the Gazette de la Mancha). At that time, their representatives in Cadiz were war, Juan Manuel de San Román, Francisco Escudero and Ortúzar, and Francisco Bustamante, Isasi, and Francisco Durango guardians to collect donations.

Evicted the French from Bilbao, entered the troops of saplings on 11 August. A few days went also Álvarez de Mendizábal in villa, moment in which launched a proclamation (August 16, 1812) in which, to the inhabitants of the Basque provinces, ordered them to swear to the Constitution of Cadiz (see Spanish constitutionalism). Recovered the villa by the French again before the end of the month, the Spanish armies had to evict her, although they returned shortly, to be again forced the French to withdraw. Again their efforts to firmly establish the Constitution (according to a proclamation made in Bilbao on October 1, 1812), on behalf of the Regency of Spain in Vizcaya Álvarez de Mendizábal. Held general meetings at the Church of San Nicolás de Bari bilbaina, and presided over by Álvarez de Mendizábal, cheered the members generals and chestnut trees, although they put some reservations to the Constitution (to avoid which could lead to a depletion of the foral regime).

December 16th Álvarez de Mendizábal was appointed political Chief of the Señorío de Vizcaya. Known the victory of the battle of Vitoria, he/she gave in Durango a part (June 23, 1813) where he/she ordered to publish the good news. In this final phase of the war, made some accusations towards certain leaders of the City Council of Bilbao "look with furrowed the triumphs of the nation", well off due to fatigue by large expenditures and destruction generated by war, or by few sympathies for the Constitution.

He received the Grand Cross of San Fernando in 1815, and San Hermenegildo in 1819. He/She was Minister of the governing Supreme War (between 1817 and 1819), and responsible for the drafting of generals and Brigadiers service sheets. In the triennium, in June 1820, the provisional military Junta of Guipuzcoa requested economic aid, again, to deal with their military expenditures (Bilbao City Hall and the Consulate contributed to 50,000 reales). Finally, he/she was captain general of Guipúzcoa in 1821 and Commandant-general of Navarre in 1822.


Commercial newspaper of Cádiz [confront cited numbers].

Editor General of Spain [confront cited numbers].