Biography of Melquíades Álvarez y González Posada (1864-1936)

Melquíades Álvarez.

Politician, Professor of law and Spanish journalist, Chief Representative of the political reformism in Spain. He/She was born on 17 May the year 1864, in Gijón, and died in Madrid, in August of the year 1936.

He began his career in law in Oviedo, where it started in the profession of journalist, founding the Rotary La Libertad, in addition to collaborate regularly with their hometown El Eco de Gijón newspaper. His first steps in politics made them within the ranks of the Liberal Party and progressive, always expressing a feeling democratic and Republican. In 1898 he/she left elected as Deputy for Oviedo, representing the democrata-liberal group of Asturias. It was in that same year when he/she got the Chair of Roman law at the University of Oviedo, which did not prevent him remain in the political gap. In 1901 became one of 16 Republican members of all Spain, pronouncing on June 12 of that year his first speech before the lower House. In 1907 he/she returned to renew his Republican seat. The following year he/she founded, together with Canalejas, Romanones, Azcárate, and other relevant political Liberal block. The basic points of policy revolved around three cornerstones: the constitutional revision, the reform of the Senate and the supremacy of civilian power over the military (real scourge of the Spanish policy of the moment). In November of the year 1909, Melquiades organized the Socialista-Republicana congregation, which arose as a result of the death of Ferrer and as opposed to regressive policy that followed the tragic week of Barcelona.

Since the beginning of the year 1912 their differences and clashes with forces of Orthodox republicanism and political with the dynastic parties led him to found, along with Azcarate, his own political party, the reform party, without that why we renounce it collaborate with the different Governments of the reign of Alfonso XIII. The intellectual and theoretical embodiment of the new party materialized around the League of education policy that includes a large number of intellectuals and newspaper Spain, led by Ortega y Gasset.

In March of the year 1914, Sánchez Guerra called new elections, in which the formation of Melquíades Álvarez got 11 deputies. The own Melquiades was chosen by the demarcation of Castropol (Asturias). But this success was soon offset by the tremendous election defeat suffered by his party in the general election of 1918, who own Melquíades Álvarez was presented by Madrid. Despite this defeat, Melquiades continued to collaborate in Spanish politics of the moment, thanks to a pact that did his apprenticeship with the Government headed by Eduardo Dato, in the year 1920. In 1922 he/she was appointed President of the Congress of Deputies, remaining in office until the military pronouncement of November 13, 1923, being elected as President of the Commission of Government inside. Once dissolved the Congress and the elective part of the Senate, was ousted by the military Board, chaired by general Primo de Rivera.

Throughout the period of the military dictatorship he/she was openly hostile to the regime. But before the increasingly greater strengthening of the regime, its political figure fell in the ostracism. However, with the advent of the second Republic, he/she returned to active politics, in front of his new party, the Liberal Republican and Democrat. In this new political voyage, his moderate position not embedded with the new times that prevailed in those days. In 1933 his party took a political turn of 180 degrees to the right, supporting and collaborating with the Alejandro Lerroux Government and the Spanish right. It was also favour strong repression that the Government saved the revolutionary events of the year 1934, in Catalonia and Asturias. When in January of the year 1936 he/she won elections the collation of left-wing parties under the Popular Front, the formation of Melquíades Álvarez radicalized so far as openly supporting the military revolt of African generals. This caused that prisoner was done nothing more start of the Spanish Civil War. He/She was confined in the prison model of Madrid, where was brutally murdered during the assault that this suffered, on 22 August of the year 1936.


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