Biography of Conde de Saboya Amadeo III (ca. 1094-1148)

Seventh count of Savoy, born to 1094 and died in Nicosia 1 April 1148.

Eldest son of Humberto II count of Savoy and his wife, Gisela of Burgundy, succeeded his father upon his death in 1103, with seven years, so it took the Regency Gisela, assisted by a Council, whose members are called advocati. They were Aimone, count of Geneva, Preneste, Bishop of Moriana and Guido de Mirivel; Before 1108 Gisela due to leave Savoy for the Rainiero Marquis of Monferrato-marrying and at that date only appears as a tutor of Amadeo conde Aimone. Amadeo III reached adulthood (fourteen years) 1108 or 1109.

February 24, 1109 Amadeo III appeared in Susa to take domain formally Turin brand. Its minority of age had been taken advantage of by the Marquis Bonifacio de Savona, with help of the Empire, which after the death of the Countess Adelaide had extended their power through much of the mark Turin; only was the count of Savoy to the lower Valley of the Dora Riparia and some scattered fiefs in the Pinerolo. He/She returned to Turin in 1119 to claim the right to the inheritance of the Countess Adelaide, but still it would be missing a decade so it used the title of count of Turin.

It is unknown which was his stance in the confrontation between Henry V and the Pope Pascal II; a later Chronicle says that Amadeo III would have accompanied the Emperor from Montmélian to Rome and there received the title of count of Savoy; However an analogous fact is attributed also to Amadeo I. The second decade of the 12th century documentation shows that Savoy had good relations with both Rome and the Empire. In 1114 mentioned an Amadeo comes Burgundiae, at the imperial court of Strasbourg; that Amadeo could not be other than Amadeo III of Savoy. However has not been evidence that Amadeo participate in any of the Roman expeditions of the emperor. In addition, about Amadeo must have had some influence his maternal uncle, the Archbishop Guido de Borgoña, which reached the Pontifical throne under the name of Callixtus IIin 1119. While Guido was still Archbishop of Vienne, stipulated the marriage in France of the two sisters of Amadeo: Adelaide married in 1115 to the King of France, Luis VI; e Inés married Arcimbaldo of Bourbon.

To fulfill the promise made by his father to go to the crusade, Amadeo III made a pilgrimage to Jerusalem a year not well determined, which could be 1111, 1120 or 1128. In 1125 already used in the documentation the titles of count of Moriana and Marquis of Italy, that his father had used. In 1131 Amadeo went to Turin and assumed the title of comes Taurinensis, in 1136 was claimed by the Bishop of the city, in the diet held at Roncaglia by Lothair II and that the count of Savoy was not attended. After this diet the Emperor went to Turin, which took by force, causing that Amadeo flee to the Valley of Susa. It is not known if Amadeo became subject to the Emperor, but after his death returned to take possession of Turin and to enter into confrontation with their bishops, contacting the count with the citizens to organize the municipality of Turin.

Amadeo III had problems with the counts of Albon and the Genevese reasons unclear with respect to confines of the territories and by inheritance issues. For reasons we don't know, the count had bad relations with his brother-in-law King Luis VI of France; After the death of the monarch, Pedro the Venerable of Cluny interceded in favor of Amadeo to the new King, Luis VII, to restore good relations between the Kingdom and the County.

In March 1147 Amadeo III welcomed the Pope Eugenio IV, who had come to the Piedmont for the preaching of the crusade in Susa. The papal presence count gave their vote to the crusade and in the following summer took route East along with his brother Guillermo Monferrato and reached Constantinople to his nephew, Luis VII of France. He/She participated in the advance of the Crusaders on Nicaea, Philadelphia and Attalia. From here, he/she embarked with the King towards the island of Cyprus, where he/she died.

Little is known about the private life of Amadeo III. His first wife, Adelaide, had a daughter named Alice, who married Humberto de Beujeu; His second wife, Yolanda of Albon, he/she had a son, Humberto III, who succeeded him, and several daughters; among them, Matilde married Afonso of Portugal and both began the royal dynasty of that Kingdom. Count Amadeo was a deeply religious man, as evidenced by the number and importance of its foundations and religious donations. In 1128 he/she had renounced the dignity of Abbot layman from San Maurizio d'Agnano, although it retained the feudal superiority. To him the Foundation of the Carthusian monastery of Sant-Sulpice, is as I vote for having a male heir; other religious foundations that were due to their initiative were of Hautecombe in Lake Bourget; Chézery, on Valserine; and Arvieres, in Val Romey.

Bibliography

HAYWARD, F. Histoire de la Maison de Savoie, 1553-1796. Paris, 1943.

MONGIANO, e Ricerche sulla successione intestata nei secoli XVI-XVIII. Turin, 1998.

PRIEUR, J. The Savoie antique: recueil de documents. Grenoble, 1977.

TABACCO, G. Piemonte medievale: form the potere e della società. Turin, 1985.

JMMT