Biography of Carmen Amaya Amaya (1913-1963)

Dancer and Spanish singer of Gypsy race born in 1913 in Barcelona and died on November 19, 1963. He/She toured the world with his flamenco company, inside of which shone exceptionally guitarist Sabicas. Daughter of the flamenco guitarist, nicknamed was the "El Chino".

His career followed a dazzling ascent from absolute poverty to glory granted unconditionally. His father was a guitarist known as the Chinese and his mother a dancer, Micaela Amaya, who never was able to develop his art beyond the private, since married at fourteen parties, had to devote himself to keep their offspring: ten children, who survived six (Paco, Leonor, María, Antonio, Antonia and Carmen).

Carmen, niece of the Pharaoh, married Juan Antonio Agüero, and initially was known as captain. With regards to his art, he/she began to run it at age six at the restaurant of the seven gates of Barcelona, to then act in a multitude of small local. He/She made his debut as a child in Paris, in a performance together with her aunt la Faraona and Carlos Montoya at the Palace Theatre in the context of a show where the figure was Raquel Meller. In 1923 he/she travelled first to Madrid. He/She returned to Barcelona and later toured throughout Spain with a show that led to Manuel Vallejo headlining. In 1929, he/she appeared in the box of the Colmao Villa Rosa in Barcelona, which the guitarist Miguel Borrull, ran and in 1930 acted in the international exhibition of Barcelona.

Throughout 1935 he/she acted in various premises in Madrid, such as the Coliseum, the Fontalba or the Teatro de La Zarzuela, in shows of other figures of great fame or Miguel de Molina and Concha Piquer . Rolled film the daughter of Juan Simon next Angelillo, and also took part in Mary of the O. The Civil War surprised her in Valladolid, but then moved to Lisbon and later in Buenos Aires. During his stay in Lisbon, it debuted in the Arcadia coffee accompanied by piano no more no less than by Professor Manuel García Matos, the eminent Spanish folklorist. In its cast, it also included his father and Pelao, the old.

In Buenos Aires he/she debuted in theater wonders along with Sabicas and Ramón Montoya. He/She remained there for a whole year, and then began a tour of several Argentine cities, to return to the capital for another four months. From 1937 to 1940, he/she achieved great success in Uruguay, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Venezuela, Cuba and Mexico. He/She shot several films and received public admirations of Toscanini or Stokowsky among others. It was presented in New York in 1941, first in the camber Beach and then at Carnegie Hall. The then President of the United States, Roosevelt, invited her to a party at the White House by Sabicas and Antonio Triana, where gave him a bowling jacket with inlaid with brilliants. He/She appeared on the cover of Time magazine and began to be admired by actors and celebrities.

From 1942 it became a Hollywood star. He/She began playing the Witcher love of failure with the Philarmonic Orchestra and he/she continued participating in several films such as dreams of glory, silver legs, the bitterness of a bullfighter, Carmen Amaya and his boys, see my lawyer, follow the boy or the hat of Paraná. In the 1940s he/she returned to Europe, and acted in Paris, London and various Dutch cities. Then he/she went to South Africa and back to Europe, he/she arrived in Madrid in 1947, at the Madrid Theatre, where he/she represented Spanish charm. He/She continued touring the world with tremendous success. The last film that starred was Los tarantos, Alfredo Mañas. A kidney condition ended his life in a city of the Catalan Costa Brava, after Malaga played for the last time. His remains rest in Santander, in the family vault of her husband. It has Street in Buenos Aires and a monument in the Park of Montjuïc of Barcelona.

Selected discography.

Carmen Amaya: great figures of flamenco, volume 6. Reissue in 1986 (Le chant du Monde). The Queen of the Sacromonte. Reissue 1991 (Alpha Records).