Biography of Lucio Turpio Ambivio (s. II a.C)

Actor and theatrical entrepreneur in the 2nd century BC, in ancient Rome, which happened to be one of the most famous actors of his time, judging by the testimonials that their art they have left us some of the greatest authors of Greco-Roman classical antiquity. Although his real name was Lucio Turpio Ambivio, was known in his time for his artistic nickname of Roscio, which achieved immense popularity in the Roman arenas thanks to its perfect execution of one of the theatrical forms more festejadas in this period: the pantomime. Subsequently, it was cited by some authors of the Renaissance by the castilianization from its name (Ambivio Turpión).

Publio Terencio Afro playwright was first to echo in writing skills for the representation of Roscio (ca. 190-ca. 159 BC), who, when speaking of bars initials of the career of another playwright, Estació Cecilio (- 168 BC?), claimed that these were not promising, and that the work of his colleague ended up being admired by the Roman public thanks to the enthusiasm and perseverance of Lucio Turpio Ambivio. This, in effect, as a businessman, opted for the talent of Estació Cecilio and got his theatrical pieces finished harvesting a remarkable success in Rome.

Subsequently, the own Terence would verify the effectiveness as a "producer" (or skillful blend of artist and entrepreneur) of the famed Roscio, who took charge of the "assemblies" of all his works. Just as had happened to Estació Cecilio, Terence failed to the blessing of the Roman public with its first dramatic text, released under the title of Hecyra in 165 BC; According to the first of the two forewords that the author himself added to the edition of this play, his career as a dramatist had passed unnoticed if not for the good work of his protector, who, along with the slave Flaco - who provided musical accompaniment to all the works of Terence, became strongly interested in his dramatic production and got thatAlthough other two failed attempts to achieve success with Hecyra, the rest of his theatre pieces were to the liking of the public of the time. In addition to the initial text of Terence, Roscio led to the scene other works such as Heautontimorumenos (premiered in 163 BC), Eunuchus (161 BC), Phormio (161 B.c.) and Adelphi (160 BC).

JR