Biography of Arturo Ambrogi (1875-1936)

Poet, Narrator, journalist and Salvadoran politician, born in San Salvador on October 19, 1875, and died in his hometown on November 8, 1936. Educated in a family's deep roots in the literary circles of your country (was cousin of the also journalist and writer Vicente Acosta), he/she held important public functions which, United to its constant presence in the main Salvadoran media, they turned it into one of the towering figures of American culture from the first third of the 20th century.

Thanks to his wealthy origins, had access to a careful academic training that allowed him to pursue his studies in the most privileged school of its time and place, the Liceo Salvadoreño. Arturo Ambrogi, decidedly, facing the Humanities graduated from the Centre and the cultivation of literary creation, and only fifteen years of age - around 1890 - unveiled his first compositions. Fruit of this cultivated precocity, between 1892 and 1894 published many collaborations in the literary magazine La pen, where Ambrogi not only revealed as one of the foremost followers of modernism in El Salvador, but also as a writer prematurely worried about the first native and indigenous issues that were beginning to take a look at the lyrics of this Central American Republic.

However, early in his poetic career fall to Arturo Ambrogi - as already noted above - in the purest American modernist tradition, to the point that contributions above appeared in the pen raised well of his compatriot Francisco Gavidia, own the Rubén Darío, and the Mexican vate Manuel Gutiérrez Nájera, who reproduced some of these early poems of Ambrogi in his famous Blue magazineat the time considered something like "official organ" of the Spanish modernist movement.

After these first forays in the poetic genre, Arturo Ambrogi focused on the culture of journalism, which led him to different positions in the main newsrooms around the country. Thus, it was editor or collaborator in Rotary Salvadorans El Figaro, the literary week, the journal of el Salvador, the fortnight - magazine founded and directed by his cousin, the aforementioned Vicente Acosta-, the Salvadoran youth, Social reform and La Prensa. This strong link to the journalistic world led him to being appointed press censor in 1929.

In those years of full consecration to the journalism, Ambrogi had already begun to show their insatiable vocation traveler, which enabled him to be present also in some media foreign, as Rotary Chilean law, of Santiago, and El Heraldo, of Valparaiso. Subsequently, I would travel constantly across Europe, South America, Middle East and the far East, places that took hundreds of endorsements that would then nourish their copious travel literature.

Indeed, already in his retirement from the farm "Tarascón", adjacent to the city of Apopa, Arturo Ambrogi ordered memories of their experiences traveling to use them as a source of arguments, characters and anecdotes of his literary writings. Between this splendid creative work, it is obligated to highlight some so outstanding as Bibelots (1893) titles, tales and fantasies (1895), stains, masks and sensations (1901), etching (1901), Twilight sensations (1904), marginals of life (1912), the time that passes (1913), feelings of the Japan and China (1915), wilted Chronicles (1916), the book of the Tropics (1918) and El Jetón (1936).

In his capacity as a public man committed to the cultural development of their country, Arturo Ambrogi held various positions of relief, as the Director of the Salvadoran National Library or the collaborator with the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of his country.


RODS-DINARTE, Carlos. School dictionary of Salvadoran authors. San Salvador: National Council for culture and art [CONCULTURA], Directorate of publications and print, 1998.