Biography of Giovanni Amendola (1882-1926)

Politician and Italian journalist born in Rome on 15 April 1882 and died in Cannes (France) on April 7, 1926; He/She was opposed to the fascist regime of Mussolini and died of wounds received by the fascist paramilitary attack in the service of the dictator.

Son of a family of Salerno, worked as a columnist in newspapers Leonardo (1905-1906) and La Voce (1908-1912), as well as being director of the Florence library of philosophy between 1909 and 1911. Doctorate in this discipline, he/she obtained the Chair of theoretical philosophy in the University of Pisa (1913).

Formed in a democrata-liberal ideology linked to the nationalist tradition of the Risorgimento and defender of the philosophical principle of the "ethical voluntarism" transferred to the political arena, he/she began to be interested in politics.

After the post of editor of the newspaper Il rest of the Carlino, was hired by the prestigious Corriere della Sera, from which defended the involvement of his country in World War I, against the non-belligerent posture of Giovanni Giolitti. Occurs the entrance of Italy in the conflict (1915) he/she enlisted as a volunteer; It reached the ranking of Captain of artillery and he/she was decorated with the Medal of valor. He/She was supporter of the ideas of the American President Wilson, as well as a Slavic policy, which was reflected in the Rome Pact, aimed ultimately to stop Austrian expansionism constituting, according to him, the real secular enemy of the Italian people.

In 1919 he/she was elected Deputy in the ranks of the party Democrata-liberal; He/She was co-founder of the newspaper Il Mondo, served as Undersecretary of finance during the brief Government of Francesco Nitti , and in 1922 he/she was appointed Minister of colonies in Luigi Facta Cabinet.

Contrary to both right-wing extremism, represented by fascism, as left-wing of the Socialist Party, became permanently staunch enemy of the dictatorship imposed by Benito Mussolini after the assassination of Socialist leader Giacomo Matteotti (1924) and the adoption of a clearly unconstitutional law, the Acerbo Law. He/She was one of the members who left the Parliament in protest of that crime and contributed to the formation of a new party, the National Democratic Union, who tried, unsuccessfully, to oppose the new regime. In 1925 suffered at the hands of fascist squads, several attacks in Rome and in the Spa of Montecatini, with such severity that it died months later at a clinic in Cannes.

He was the author of works philosophy and psychology nello studio dellĀ“Io (1912) and La democrazia dopo il 6 April 1924 (1924).