Biography of King of Egipto Amenemhat III (1842-1797 a.C.)

(Imn-m-hat) Sixth King of the 12th dynasty Egyptian, son and successor of Senusret III. With Amenemhat III, which took as name neswt bity of Nymaatre, the Egypt of the Middle Empire reached the period of greater economic prosperity, with a well-run country, the nomarchs and compliant nobility and the recognition of foreign. After some construction projects of his father (Semna and Kumma defenses), could engage in agricultural plans of powerful, such as that practiced in the Fayum, recovering large nearby areas for cultivation. His long reign - some 46 years - allowed should at least twenty-one expeditions to the Sinai in search of metals and other products, as it is known by more than 60 registrations there left, what further complemented the wealth of Egypt. Expeditions to the quarries of the Uadi Hammamat, Aswan and Toshka were also made, and continued removal of stones in Tura. Amenemhat III carried out significant construction works (large Shedet [Crocodilopolis] Temple of Sobek and Hathor Temple of Serabit el-Khadim, on Sinai; Temple of Sobek - Renenutet Medinet Maadi; Kuban Temple in Nubia). However, the most lavish was the mortuary temple, with its old palace, which rose in Hawara, known as maze and described with words of admiration by Herodotus, Diodorus and Strabo. It was made to build two pyramids, one in Dashur and another in Hawara, where it was buried, as well as a Cenotaph as a mastaba in Abydos. It was succeeded by his son Amenemhat IV, who had acted as it corregente for a few years. Between their wives should mention Aat, another unknown name, and Hetepti, mother of the aforementioned Amenemhat IV, who was buried in Dashur. Amenemhat III, who had celebrated a Sed Festival, was deified at his death with Lamares name (so called also Manetho), and he/she received cult in the Fayum area. Amenemhat III some statues, austere but original, known case of granite Sphinx with his face (Cairo Museum), the head of Copenhagen or the small head (10 cm in height) of the Egyptian Museum in the Vatican.