Biography of King of Egipto Amenofis III o Amenhotep III (1402-1364 a.C.)

(Imn-htpw) Ninth King of the 18th Egyptian dynasty, son and successor of Thutmosis IV and Queen Mutemwiya, later identified by the Greeks as Memnon. His early Government counted with the Regency of his mother, as Amenhotep III had about ten years old when he/she acceded to the throne. Thanks to the previous reigns and his collaborators (Ptahmes, Aanen, User, Meryptah), the new King could rule from Napata to the Naharina in an atmosphere of peace and economic prosperity, and could devote its attention to the promotion of the arts and monumental constructions, led mostly by its architect Amenhotep, son of Hapu. Shortly after access to the throne with the name neswt Nebmaatre bity, conducted a campaign against the Nubians, that led by such an Ikheny had rebelled. More afternoon would still another campaign to Nubia, sent by the real son of Kush, Merymose, but more as a show of force and repression than as a war of conquest (Estela de Semna). After that could engage in their favorite sport, hunting - during which it said a commemorative scarab killed 102 fierce lions - and international diplomacy (entente with the Hittites, signing of treaties with Mitanni, Babylon, Assyria tribute). By political needs married with Kelu-Khepa, daughter of the King of Mitanni- Shuttarna II, and Tadu-Khepa, daughter of the also King Tushrattamitannio; In addition, two princesses Babylonian - the daughters of King Kadashman-kharbe I and Kurigalzu I-, and other two princesses, daughters respectively of Arzawa and Enishasi Satiya Tarkhundaraba, went to his harem, known by the corresponding commemorative escarabeos. Its construction activity have tests almost in all Egypt, from delta to Sudan; It highlights her mortuary temple, which would then destroy Merenptah and of which remain very few vestiges (among them, its two famous Colossi of Memnon, of more than 14 m high, in the vicinity of Medinet Habu); the Temple of Luxor, with the magnificent Colonnade; the Western pylon of Karnak; 600 statues of the Goddess Sekhmet series; the temples of Soleb and Sedeinga in Nubia; and his palace, not far from Malqata, virtually disappeared and where he/she held three parties thirst in the years 30, 34 and 37 of his reign. His principal wife was Tiyi, of great character, daughter of Yuya and yours [1] and gave six sons, among them Amenhotep III Satamón II, which then joined the King and Princess officially recognized that as his wife, and also Isis, also as consort who took. Other sons were Thutmosis, appointed heir and who died, however, young; Amenhotep (the future Akhenaton) and very probably Smenkhkare and Baketaton. In the eleventh year of his reign, known by a series of small escarabeos Memorial, built and dedicated a magnificent artificial lake for the Queen Tiyi in a place called Djaruja, designed not only for recreation and pleasure, but also to the hydraulic regulation. At the end of his reign began to promote the cult of Aton (he called himself Iten Thehen, "the bright solar disk"), which both predicament would reach with Akhenaton, his son and successor, and who had taken how easy. Feeling ill, he/she did not hesitate in request of Tushratta of Mitanni sent the image of the goddess Shaushka of Nineveh, curative, to remedy their health. Amenhotep III have reached different statues that allow us to know their physical characteristics; highlights including the heads of the Metropolitan Museum of New York (44.5 cm height), the Cleveland Museum of Arts (17.3 cm tall) and the Louvre (34 cm tall). His tomb is located in the Valley of the Kings, but was sacked, although his mummy was saved to be hidden in the tomb of Amenhotep II