Biography of Bartolomeo Ammannati (1511-1592)

Sculptor and Italian architect, born in Settignano, near Florence, in 1511, and died in Florence in 1592. Their training receive it in his hometown with Baccio Bandinelli, from where he/she moved to Venice, city where he/she works with Jacopo Sansovino in the decoration of San Marcos library. In 1550 he/she moved to Rome with the task to build the tombs of Antonio and Fabiano of the Monte San Pietro in Montorio, in them is made with soft and subtle forms a project inspired by the tomb of Miguel ÁngelJulio II. Alongside Vasari commissioned by Julio III, works in the nymphaeum of the Villa Giuliana, where built fountains and grottos, as surprise, typical of the Mannerist aesthetics. On his return to Florence, in 1555, begins to work on a great source to place it in the living room of the Cinquecento in the Palacio Vecchio, also ends the vestibule of the Laurentian library, which maintains complete the project of Miguel Ángel. Subsequently, commissioned by the Dukes of Medici, working on the transformation of the Palacio Pitti in a recreation villa, where lifts a courtyard on three orders with padding, and the so-called Boboli Gardens; It also plans to Holy Trinity Bridge, destroyed by the bombings of 1944, and now faithfully reconstructed.

Between 1563 and 1577, in Florence, he/she carries out the fountain of Neptune for the plaza de la Señoría, which dominates a very low Cup, upon which agile sinuous, stylized shapes of large nymphs soar like with Venus that he/she had carved in 1571, for the studiolo of Francesco de Medici, in the Palacio Vecchio. At the same time he/she is preparing the project for the Church of the Jesuits in Florence San Giovannino, which poses a severe building of a single nave with side chapels.

It was one of the most restless architects of his time, certainly since the expression more pure and subtle mannerism of the nymphaeum of the Villa Giulia, until its absolute rejection in San Giovannino. Product of strong religious pressures and moralistic, will write a famous letter where it rejects the bella maniera.

Bibliography

CAMERA MUÑOZ, a.: Mannerism in Italy. Madrid, the wall, 1986.

CHECA CREMADES, f.: Mannerism in Europe. Madrid, 1987.

DUBOIS, C.G.: Mannerism. Barcelona, 1980.

FRIEDLANDER, W.F.: Mannerism and anti-mannerism in italian painting (Columbia, 1990)

HAUSER, a.: Mannerism, Ed. Guadarrama.

HOCKE, G.R.: The world as labyrinth. Mannerism in art (Madrid, 1961).

VASARI, g.: Lives of painters, sculptors and illustrious architects. (Buenos Aires, 1945).

WOLF, R.E.: Renaissance and Mannerism. Cerdanyola, 1972.

EAC.