Biography of Domingo Amunátegui Solar (1860-1946)

Lawyer, historian and Chilean politician, born on October 20, 1860 in Santiago and died in Santiago on March 4, 1946, at the age of eighty-six.


Son of Miguel Luis Amunátegui Aldunate and Rosa Solar Valdés, attended their first letters in the school of Fredes, where became, in 1870, to the National Institute of Santiago, College of long family tradition, as in his father and his uncle had formed also. After high school, in 1878 he/she enrolled in the University of Chile to begin his legal studies ended in 1881 with the bright ratings.

After spending four years in the practice of law, he/she made a break to go to Paris, and on his return to Chile in 1887, he/she was appointed Undersecretary of the Ministry of Justice and public instruction. Two years later he/she was Professor of constitutional and administrative law and political economy Pedagogical Institute, at the time that it was joined the staff of the Faculty of philosophy and Humanities of the University of Chile. Already caught your eye by the historical themes, that last year of 1889 published the first years of the National Institute, work that introduced him to nationwide and decided you to continue down the road of research and study. Indeed, in 1891 he/she resigned from his job at the Ministry to devote himself completely to his vocation, which was recognized publicly in 1892, when he/she was appointed substitute of Abdón Cifuentes to teach history matter in the National Institute. This appointment came almost at the time as the director of the Pedagogical Institute, where he/she made personal matter achieve the freedom of education for women. In 1893 he/she assumed the direction of the magazine the annals of the University of Chile.

Shortly after he/she joined the ranks of the Liberal Party and, from there, the charges occurred one after another, culminating, in 1911, in the Office of the Dean of the Faculty of philosophy and Humanities of the University of Chile, institution that then he/she was rector until his retirement in 1922. In 1907 he/she made a break in their magisterial work to devote himself to politics, and in October of that year he/she was appointed Minister of Justice and public instruction, office where he/she only remained for a year, then joined the Organizing Committee of the first Congress Scientific American. That same year he/she took a second time the portfolio of Justice and public instruction until 1910, and then there was a third term, although this time it only held ministerial office for a few days. In 1918 he/she was called again to the Executive to take for the third time on this portfolio, and again in 1923, with Alessandri, which required him to be Minister of the Interior.

His erudition was reflected in the many studies that was published while it dedicava to their political activities. In addition to the second part of the above work, which was released under the title the National Institute under the rectories of Manuel Montt, don Francisco Fuentes and don Antonio Varas, he/she published the teaching of the State (1894), the system of Lancaster in Chile (1895), Mora in Bolivia (1897), a soldier of the conquest of Chile (1898) and the Chilean society of the 18th century (1898). In 1901 appeared the first part of one of its masterpieces, entailed estates and titles of Castile in Chile, which then came other three volumes. At the time investigating for this great work, he/she wrote the indigenous encomiendas in Chile, published in two volumes between 1900 and 1910. The biographical works include bringing up Don Francisco Solano Astaburuaga (1905), which recounts the history of the illustrious politician. Other works were unpublished news about Juan Martínez de Rozas (1911), Don José perfect rooms and a text of history of Chile, in two volumes.

He founded the Chilean society of geography and history along with other scholars, such as José Toribio Medina, Gonzalo Bulnes or Ricardo Latcham, institution issuing the Chilean magazine of history and geography, in which he/she brought to light several of his works, as a historical sketch of Chilean literature.

His internationally recognized realize the distinctions awarded by different institutions: in 1908 was named an honorary member of the argentina of La Plata, respective of the Royal Academy of the history of Madrid a year later and, in 1912, member corresponding University official of public instruction of France and the Hispanic Society of America, and, in 1914, Commander of the Crown of Italy. He/She was also member of the Academia Chilena de la Lengua (1915), Honorary Member of the University of Tucumán (1916) and member of the Institute of Peru (1918). In 1921 he/she was appointed member of the Board of history and numismatics Americana of Buenos Aires and official of the Italian order of San Mauricio and San Lazaro.