Surgeon and naturalist English, born in 1739 and died in 1808. He/She traveled aboard the resolution in the voyage of Cook from 1772 to 1775. Later, he/she was appointed member of the London Royal Society of agriculture. He/She introduced the use of a plough of two beasts and without wheel, which is generally known under the name of Scottish plow. His most notable works are: Essays on agriculture; Observations on the means of promoting the domestic industry; Research on the improvement of wool and cattle. He/She also left a notable Herbarium and several articles with interesting Zoological observations.