Biography of Eugénio de Andrade (1923-2005)

Portuguese poet, born in Póvoa de Atalaia on January 19, 1923 and died in Porto on June 13, 2005, which is considered one of the most important voices of the contemporary poetry of his country.

Eugénio de Andrade, pseudonym of José Fontainhas, was the son of peasants, hence the linking of his poetry with the luminous Mediterranean nature. In 1932 he/she moved with his mother to Lisbon. In 1936, when he/she was only thirteen years old, wrote his first poem: "Narcissus" and was discovered as a poet by Antonio Botto. Came to be known as writer in 1942 with his book of verses teenager and a few years later achieved notoriety with their hands and the fruits (1948), considered one of the most important books of contemporary Portuguese literature.

Until 1983, date in which retired, he/she combined his task of poet with his position as senior official of medico-social services in Portugal. In January 1989 he/she received from the hands of the President of the Republic, Mario Soares, the D. Dinis Prize da Casa de Mateus, one of the highest distinctions awarded in Portugal. In June 1990 he/she participated in Santa Cruz de Tenerife in the cycle writers before the end of the century, where also involved Carlos Fuentes, Francisco Ayala and Ernesto Sábato, among others.

In July 2001, the Portuguese poet received the Camoes Prize, instituted by the Governments of Portugal and Brazil and which could be considered the equivalent to the Cervantes Prize in Spain, in recognition of the "great capacity for renewal of his work"; the jury for this award did not hesitate to consider the poetry of Andrade as "one of the most luminous" in Portuguese language.

Eugénio de Andrade is considered by many as the most fertile voice and the most universal of the contemporary Portuguese poets, due to what some call its "linguagem tao bem closed if e tao inesgotavel to any interpretative paráfrase". Published 27 volumes of his poetry and his work has been translated into more than 20 languages. It is an essentially lyrical poet, who sang to the simpler things in life. He/She explained that the purity of his verses "is simply passion, passion for the things of the Earth, in its most ardent and not yet consummate form". All of his books include tie amanhã (1956), poems (1966), you free em power (1967), Os tributaries Do silence (1968), Branco no Branco (1984) and O Sal Da Lingua (1995).

In addition, Andrade translated into Portuguese works of García Lorca, Sappho, René Char, Ritsos, César Vallejo and Borges.

In 1981 he/she appeared in Spain a poetic Anthology (1940-1980), translated by Ángel Crespo. Also his poems have been published in Spanish journals as end of century, Jerez de la Frontera, and classroom of poetry of Granada. Gutenberg Galaxy published an anthology of his poetry entitled solar matter and other books in 2005.