Biography of Glauber Pedro de Andrade Rocha (1938-1981)

Director of Brazilian cinema, known as Glauber Rocha, born in Vitoria's conquest (province of Bahia) on March 14, 1938, and died on August 22, 1981 in Botafogo (State of Rio de Janeiro).


After law studies, career that does not finish, enters very young in the world of experimental theatre, combining the hobby with the journalism, activity that will develop as film critic in the pages of newspapers like O Momento, Journal do Brazil, Folha de São Paulo and Diário de Notícias, and magazines as map angle and Civilização Brasileira.

His first film contact has only thirteen years, to participate in a radio programme of a Bay station. At the end of the fifties a short it co-produces and directs another, or patio (1957-59). From these years both his own projects and his collaboration in others will absorb him completely.

His critical attitude towards what has been done in Brazilian cinema, is confirmed in his famous book critical review to the Brazilian cinema, text that comes at a momentous time with the consolidation of the Cinema Novo movement and that it will support with a later article entitled aesthetics da fame (in a generational moment in that identify Brazilian postures that are taking place in other countries(: Nouvelle Vague, Free Cinema, new Spanish cinema, new German film, etc.).

Their creative and aesthetic stance is reflected in her first important movie Dios and the devil in the land of the Sun (1964), which proposes a reflection on the political and religious power from the figure of the Cangaceiro, a bandit that moves away from the traditional figure developed by the Brazilian cinema.

His political stance - against the regime of Castelo Branco - makes you go through prison, fact that will condition its further work. The repression, in any of its manifestations, will be the centerpiece of films such as Terra em transe (1967) or Antonio das Mortes (1969). He/She kept a personal exile in Europe, leading several projects in different countries (Spain, Portugal, France).

Ideological and aesthetic results of his work in Brazil developed him an essential figure of the cinema of his country during the sixties, as a defender of a singular aesthetic of violence and the man with the camera as a tool that allows you to capture their stirring idea. Although his films were divided the opinion of viewers and specialists from around the world, his works are indisputable pillars of the Brazilian Cinema Novo.


Short and medium-length films

1956: Um day na ramp (code).1957-59: Patio.1959: Cruz na Praça (code).1965: Amazonas, Amazonas.1966: 66.1968 Maranhão: 1968.1977: Di Cavalcanti / Di Glauber.

Feature films

1960: Barravento (code).1963: God and the devil in the land of the sol.1966: Terra em transe.1969: Antonio das Mortes.1970: Der Leone Have Sept Cabeças; Heads cortadas.1971: definicao.1974: As weapons and people (code).1972-74: History do Brazil (code).1975: Claro.1977-80: A idade da Terra.

Works in Super 8

1971: Leticia and Mossa not Marrocos.1972: Super Paloma.1974: Voyage avec Juliet Berto.

Works for TV

1968-72: Cancer.1977: Jorjamado no Cinema.


LOVE RODRÍGUEZ, Víctor M.: The new Brazilian cinema (1954-1974). Madrid. Dykinson. 1994.

BELLUMORI, Cinzia: Glauber Rocha. Florence. The Nuova, Italy. 1975.

BORY, Jean-Louis: Glauber Rocha. Paris. Castemarn. 1971.

CIMENT, Michel: Glauber Rocha and Ruy Guerra, in second wave. New york. Praeger. 1970.

GARDIES, René: Glauber Rocha. Paris. Seghers. 1994.

GERBER, Raquel: Glauber Rocha and unfinished experience do Cinema Novo. Rio de Janeiro. Paz e Terra. 1977.

HOLLYMAN BURNS, S.P.: Glauber Rocha and the Cinema Novo movement in Brazil: a Study of his films and Critical Writing. New York. Garland. 1982.

MARTIN, Mick: Glauber Rocha, Scritti sul Cinema. Venice. The Biennale. 1986.

Martínez TORRES, Augusto: Glauber Rocha and "Severed heads". Barcelona. Anagram. 1970.

REZENDE, Sydney: Ideology of Glauber Rocha. Rio de Janeiro. Philobiblion. 1986.

ROCHA, Glauber: Deus e or Devil na terra do sol.Rio de Janeiro. Civilização. 1965.

ROCHA, Glauber: Critical review of Brazilian cinema. Madrid. Fundamentals. 1971.

ROCHA, Glauber: Revolução do Cinema Novo. Rio de Janeiro. Alhambra/Embrafilme. 1981.

ROCHA, Glauber: O Século do Cinema. Rio de Janeiro. Alhambra/Embrafilme. 1983.

VIEIRA, Joao Luis (Ed.): Glauber by Glauber. Rio de Janeiro. Embrafilme. 1985.