Biography of Gyula. Conde de Andrassy (1823-1890)

Hungarian politician, born March 3, 1823 in Kassa (now Košice), in Slovakia, which was then part of the Austrian Empire. He/She died on February 18, 1890 in Volosco (Istria), belonging to Austria-Hungary, currently located in Croatia. His main achievement was the contribution to the establishment of the dual Empire, in which Austria and Hungary joined. Hungarian Prime Minister, he/she combined this function with the portfolio of Foreign Affairs of Austria-Hungary.

The political career of this great Hungarian statesman suffered significant variations. Andrássy was a member of the radical party who defended the reform of Hungary, under the leadership of Lajos Kossuth. In 1847, he/she got a seat for the Hungarian diet, from where launched a strong appeal to the rebellion against the Austrians in 1848 and 1849. After the surrender of Hungary, Andrássy was forced into exile, as he/she had been sentenced to death penalty. In 1857, however, got back to declare a general amnesty. At this moment came the first turning in their political approaches, because he/she devoted all his support to leader Ferenc Deák, defender of maintaining negotiations with Austria, in order to achieve some kind of dual commitment. This commitment, in which Andrassy played a main role, was completed in 1867. In the same year, took charges of Hungarian Prime Minister and Defense Minister. Once established recognition of Hungary, by Austria, as equal, both established three basic pillars of their marriage: the monarchy, the armed forces and foreign policy.

Andrassy realized from the beginning that the real danger to the Hungarian State came from the large number of Slavic population that lived in their territories, so tried, throughout his active life, prevent by all means any type of approaches between the Slavs and Austria, at the time developing a policy opposed to Russia. The foreign policy of Andrássy was, from the outset, perfectly determined. Their support and sympathy for Germany were never concealed, and is made with the signing of a treaty between both powers, which remained unchanged until the outbreak of the first world war, and became the kingpin that sustained the remaining agreements reached by Germany and that formed the so-called "Bismarck system". Andrássy was recognized for his direct and primary involvement in the resolution of the majority of international conflicts faced by the different European powers in their struggle for hegemony over the others. Opposed to Russia and contrary to the disintegration of the Turkish Empire, which would allow the expansion of Russia, Andrassy determined also the neutrality of Austria during the Franco-Prussian War of 1870-1871, while the Austrian Emperor, Francisco José, contrariness revenge of Prussia, the hard defeat that it had inflicted on his people in 1866. After leaving the Emperor such desires, Andrássy was appointed Minister of Foreign Affairs of the dual monarchy in November 1871. During the development of these functions, Austria-Hungary got to revitalize its weight as a power of the first order in the international arena in an extraordinary way. He/She knew, as any other politician of his time, optimise the possibilities of Austria-Hungary. One of his latest accomplishments was the unconditional support to Austria at the Congress of Berlin in 1878, this got to keep the region of Bosnia and Herzegovina under its protection. First of all, his intention was to halt possible Russian advance among the Slavic population of their territories and the Balkan region. But this decision, which was widely unpopular among the population, attached to his own exhaustion, determined that Andrassy announced his retirement, which became effective on October 8, 1879. Despite this, remained active, and retained a seat in the Hungarian upper house until his death.