Biography of Leonid Nikoláyevich Andréiev (1871-1919)

Narrator and Russian playwright, born in Oriol in 1871 and died in Mustamaggi (Finland) in 1919. Although he/she is remembered for being the diffuser of Bolshevik ideology during the time he/she lived in Finland, before had given in the Russian literary spectrum through a series of short stories set in a rarefied and tormented atmosphere: érase una vez (1901), abyss (1902), horror (1905), the Red laughter (1905), the Governor (1906), and the seven hanged (1908). In this last - that, inspired by the tales of Tolstoy, exerted a powerful influence among their contemporary youth-, described the malaise that enveloped the Russian society before the revolution of 1905. He/She also wrote a novel, Sashka Zhegulov, which has been regarded by some critics as his Magnum Opus.

He is author of the dramas the life of man (1907), black masks (1908) and anathema (1909), which reveal influences of European modernism. Andreïev anticipated Expressionism, by his violent message of absolute negation of all human conventions and its constant mockery of the earthly vanities. Other times can be seen in his work the beginning of Russian, then overt symbolism in the poetry of authors who, as Blok, accuse many influences of Andreïev.