Biography of Juan Francisco Andrés de Uztarroz (1606-1653)

Poet, historian, jurist, polygraph and Spanish scholar, born in Zaragoza in 1606 and died in Madrid 1653. Man living intellectual concerns, was appointed chronicler of the Kingdom of Aragón in 1646 and, soon after, chronicler of King Felipe IV, and was noted throughout his life for his fruitful activity as a poet, historian, antiquarian, archaeologist, Numismatic and collector. It also stood out for his brilliant role of editor and cultural animator in the literary circle of hero and patron Aragonese Vincente Juan de Lastanosa (1606-1685).

Life and work

Born in the bosom of a wealthy family, he/she followed professional of its parent (the jurist Andrés Baltasar de Uztarroz) and superior laws studied for his PhD in utroque iure (Civil and ecclesiastical rights). But he/she soon showed signs of a pronounced tilt toward literary creation that led him to be interested in the main aesthetic currents of his time, and very notably, by the culterana trend, inaugurated by the cordovan Luis de Góngora. In the opinion of the critics, as a poet it wasn't of discreet, although some literary standing in his Aragonese environment, where honored with the friendship of one of the great authors of the circle of Lastanosa, enjoyed the bilbilis Jesuit Baltasar Gracián (1601-1658). His first printed poems appeared in 1640 under the pseudonym from Daliso Gastón de Orozco, incorporated as a second part to the Zaragoza Edition of the work of Piedrabuena Antolinez titled University of love, and schools of interest. Dream truths, or real, to ask the women [sic] sleep (Madrid: widow of a. Martín, 1638) [second part of school of interest (Zaragoza, 1640) and the University of love]. Two years later, gave his sepulchral Panegyrico printing to the memory of don Thomás Tamayo de Vargas posthuma (Zaragoza: Verges, 1642), and after another biennium, returned to the hollanders as compiler and editor of the work entitled poetic contest, our Lady of Cogolluda, illustrated with a brief chronologia of published images of the Virgin Sacratíssima in the Kingdom of Aragón (Zaragoza(: Hospital of our Lady of grace, 1644), where appeared the poetic compositions which the own Uztárroz Andrés was presented at this event.

In the middle of that decade of the 1940s, the Zaragoza scholar compiled and edited, also the poems submitted to the literary contest which gave rise to the historical Obelisk, (i) fee, the Imperial City of Zaragoza was erected to the immortal memory of the Serenissimo Mr. D. Baltasar Carlos of Austria, Prince of Spain (Zaragoza: Hospital of our Lady of grace, 1646), volume which also contains original Uztárroz Andrés verses composed for the occasion in his neat title. But aside from these works that melts his role as editor with creative concerns, undoubtedly his most important original contribution to Spanish poetry of the 17TH century was the poetry-book - unprecedented in its time - entitled Aganippe of Aragonese swans held at the Bugle of Fame by Juan Francisco Andrés de Uztarroz ([s. l.])1781), that it did not deserve the honours of the printing press until the jurist and naturalist illustrated Asso Ignacio, aware of the valuable information that treasured about the Aragonese poets of the golden age, decided to stamp it in Amsterdam at the end of the 18th century.

In the last quarter of the 19th century, in the number VI of the magazine's archives, libraries and museums, saw the light new unpublished verses by Juan Francisco Andrés de Uztarroz, gathered under the title of panegíricas memories, he/she wrote on the death of Dr. Bartholomé Juan Leonardo de Argensola (Madrid: Revista de files, libraries and museums, 1876). Other lesser known poetic works of the Aragonese Bard are those included in the Songbook of 1632 - which believes that it acted also as collector-, in the volume entitled mausoleum (1636) - dedicated to glossing the memory of his father, and other collective work presented under the heading of poetic contest at the University of Zaragoza by don Pedro Apaolaza (1642). In addition, it earned both verse and prose to the admiration that he/she felt for the beautiful mansion inhabited by the aforementioned Lastanosa, place of must-attend event for all writers and intellectuals of the region and focus of boiling in which some of the masterpieces of literature are baked and thought Spanish of mid-17TH-century printed record. Combining with inspiration and rigour, poetry and history, Uztárroz Andrés transformed such admiration in a pleasant and accurate description of the antiques i don Vincencio Juan de Lastanosa gardens (Zaragoza: Diego Dormer, 1647), in which praised the wise combination between art and nature, exhibiting the patrons in the surroundings of your home. The only printed version that remains of this work — id est, the newly cited - only collects texts in prose.

According to theologian and bibliographer Zaragoza Felix Latassa, and Ortiz(1733-1805), Juan Francisco Andrés de Uztarroz was also the author of a description of the Kings of Aragon by the order that are in the room of the provincial government (1634), which glosaba the pictorial portraits which adorned the Palace of the provincial Council of the Kingdom - missing in the Spanish war of independenceduring the siege of Zaragoza, following the Latin inscriptions that had been drafted in the previous century the writer and historian - also Zaragoza - Jerónimo de Zurita (1512-1580). The manuscript of this work of Andrés de Uztarroz, lost for centuries, was found recently and published in 1979.

In his condition following poet, Aragonese polygraph - who chaired the Academy of the Anhelantes - left an irregular lyrical legacy in which his preference can be seen by meticulous detail and anecdotal data, always within these coordinates gongorinas that brought him even in a theoretical, write a number of amendments - still unpublished - annotations and comments by Salcedo Coronel (1592-1651) and Pellicer (1602-1679) on the works of the great poet from Córdoba. Within this critical facet, Uztárroz Andrés took culteranos postulates his fidelity so far as argue with Quevedo (1580-1645), who disproved the thesis which had been printed in the prologues of his editions of the poems of Fray Luis de León (1527-1591) and Francisco de la Torre (s. XVI); In addition, the Zaragoza scholar wrote an antidote against the quevedesca work entitled needle browse cults (1631), in which the Madrid poet automedon fierce and sarcastically already deceased creator the culteranismo.

In his role as historian, Andrés de Uztarroz not hid his interest in the work of the aforementioned Jerónimo de Zurita, he/she emulated in order to write a few Aragonese Annals which the pen of the poet and lawyer, moved from mere drafts. He/She left, also in sketch an interesting library of Aragonese authors, and a comprehensive biography of Carlos V. Also led the field of historiography of editor work, which allowed him to give the imprint the Coronations of the Serenissimos Kings of Aragon (Zaragoza: Dormer, 1641), the chronicler of the Kingdom of Aragon Jerónimo de Blancas (do - 1590); but, without a doubt, his most remarkable work as a historian is the volume entitled progress of history in the Kingdom of Aragon and praise from Don Gerónimo Zurita (1648, but edited in 1680), divided into two parts which include, respectively, the story of the great historian of Aragon until the end of the 16th century, and the later writings of white, Martel, Lupercio Leonardo de ArgensolaJosé Pellicer and other chroniclers of the Kingdom.

Called to court as a chronicler of King Felipe IV, died there in 1653, after letting other books as the illustrious copious i Francisco Filhol bibliotheca design (Huesca: Larumbe, 1944); Second part of the annals of the Crown and Kingdom of Aragon [...], which continues from the Dr. B. Leonardo de Argensola from the year 1521 to 28 (Zaragoza: Hér. of P. Lanaja, 1663); and Auto of the birth of Christ our Lord.


ALVAR, M. [dir.] Literature. Aragonese-themed encyclopedia (Zaragoza: Editions Moncayo. 1988).

ARC and GARAY, r. of the. In 17TH-century Spanish scholarship and the chronicler of Andrés Aragón of Uztárroz (Madrid: Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas, 1950), 2 vols.

ANDRÉS DE UZTARROZ, J. F. Certamen poetic (Zaragoza, 1986). [Ed. A. Egido and A. San Vicente].

GATES, e. J. "An unpublished autobiographical poem by Andrés Uztárroz", in homage to Antonio Rodríguez Moñino (Madrid: Castalia, 1966), vol. I, pp. 179-192.

GATES, e. J. "The «comments» of Salcedo Coronel in the light of a critique of Ustarroz" in new journal of Hispanic philology (Madrid), XV (1961), pp. 217-228.

GATES, e. J. "Poetic compositions by Uztárroz Andrés in honor of a Novice", in homage to John M. Mill (Indianapolis, Indiana [U.S.A.]: Indiana University, 1968), pp. 19-44.

GATES, e. J. "An unpupublished «Hors» by Andrés Uztárroz", in homage to William L. Fichter (Madrid, 1971), pp. 229-239.