Biography of Guillermo Andreve (1879-1940)

Narrator, essayist, journalist, historian, educator, and Panamanian politician, born in Panama City on August 8, 1879 and died in Los Angeles (United States of America) on October 1, 1940. It was one of the brightest figures of the American intelligentsia of the first half of the 20th century, and one of the great popularizers of the Panamanian national culture.

Man alive humanistic concerns and consistent intellectual curiosity, was deprived in his childhood and youth of the academic training they would have liked to receive; However, mercy to his firm will be sought on their own enviable self-taught education that, with the passage of time, should allow you to rub shoulders with the leading intellectuals of his time.

In his role as scholar and man of letters, he/she showed from his adolescence a special inclination for literary creation, which led him to write short stories, essays, speeches, newspaper articles and titled novel a tip of the veil (1929). His work of fiction can be framed within the modernist current have in place other Panamanian authors such as Darío Herrera, Salomón Ponce of Aguilera, Simón Rivas, Adolfo García, León. A. Soto and Nicolle Garay. His strictly literary books include, besides the newly cited novel, graduates poem of the Pacific (Panama, 1925), in the shadow of the arch (1925), water (1925), four stories (1933), draws every Sunday. Tales of lottery (1936) - work published under the pseudonym of Mario Marín voyeurs-, and the posthumous publication of the miracle of Christmas (1946).

As an essayist, Guillermo Andreve shone especially by his famous work entitled brief considerations about poetry in Panama, presented by the own Andreve in the second Congress International of professors of American literature, held in Los Angeles in 1940. This paper, in addition to many articles and essays, published in different media, sought to disclose the Panamanian letters inside and outside their country, it made him one of the most prominent promoters of the culture of the beautiful country istmeño.

Besides these works of criticism, essay and literary outreach, he/she wrote many texts focused on the political, social and economic reality of their time. As a sign of the thematic breadth of his essays production, include his writings titled "Justo Arosemena, a pristine Patriot", "Legislative issues", "Electoral reform", "Considerations on the liberalism", "Alfonso López and the liberalism Panamanian" and "Brief considerations about poetry in Panama".

Member of the academies of history and language, Guillermo Andreve was, moreover, the creator of the equally applauded "of Culture National Library", a careful collection of books which, since 1918, reported numerous works of Panamanian authors and foreign, in popular editions available to suit all budgets. Particularly successful it was the inclusion, in the catalogue of this collection, scattered works of some writers of Panama, at that time, they were little or poorly known to his countrymen as Tomás Martín Feuillet or the aforementioned Adolfo García and León. A. Soto.

Particularly fruitful was also his dedication to journalism, expressed in some media founded by himself, as the magazines El Cosmos (1896) and El Heraldo del Istmo (1904-1906). The latter became a kind of "unofficial" organ of all Panamanian writers of the modernist generation. He/She also published his articles of criticism and topicality in the Rotary La Prensa and El Tiempo.

It should be stressed, finally, the political dimension of this illustrious Panamanian nobleman, who, despite not having received a formal, academic training reached the positions of Secretary of public instruction and Government Secretary (equivalent to the Minister). In front of them, Andreve addressed major social and educational reforms. Militant in the Liberal Party, was found, on many occasions, with the suspicion that their nationalist positions aroused in the authorities of the United States of America, so not found it easy to push forward its reform projects. The most critical phase of his political career took place during the so-called "the thousand day war", when he/she was imprisoned for protesting angrily by the execution of the colombiano-panameno guerrilla Victoriano Lorenzo.

He was also, at various stages, a Deputy in the National Assembly; and he/she completed his dedication to public life with various diplomatic positions which led him, in successive stages, to France, England, Spain, Colombia, Cuba and Mexico.