Biography of Yuri Andropov (1915-1984)

Russian politician born in Moscow on June 15, 1914, died in Moscow on February 9, 1984. In his youth he/she worked as a telegraph official and was a sailor. In 1936 he/she graduated at the Institute of water transport of Rybinsk and later became a Petrozavosk State University.

He began his political career in the Konsomol (youth Communist) still very young. In 1938, he/she organized the youth Communists in Yaroslav, and served as first Secretary of the Konsomol in that region. From 1940 to 1944 he/she held the same position in Karelia, border with Finland. There he/she met Otto Kuusinen, historical Stalinism, the Comintern member and Chairman of the Supreme Soviet of Karelia, who lent him a great help in his political career.

In 1944 was appointed Second Secretary of the Committee city of the Communist Party in the city of Petrozavodsk, three years later, first Secretary. From 1951 to 1953 he/she worked in the administrative services of the Central Committee of the CPSU in Moscow, leaving this post after the death of Stalin.

After serving various positions in the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, was appointed Ambassador in Budapest (Hungary). Andropov intervened directly in the Suppression of the Hungarian revolution of 1956 and he/she selected and introduced to János Kádár as new Prime Minister.

In 1957, back in the USSR, was appointed responsible for the relations of the Soviet Communist Party with the other communist parties. In 1962 he/she was appointed member of the Central Committee of the CPSU. In 1967 he/she was appointed Chairman of the Committee for the security of the State (KGB), since he/she held for fifteen years.

In April 1973 he/she became head of the Politburo, he/she was alternate member since 1967; in May 1982 he/she agreed to the Secretariat of the Central Committee, replacing Mijail Suslov and on November 12, 1982 he/she was appointed President of the Supreme Soviet.

In May 1983 was named President of the Council of Defense going, thus, gathering in his person all the maximum springs of Soviet power: Secretary of the party, President of the Supreme Soviet and President of the Council of Defense. In addition, on June 16, 1983, during the plenary of the Central Committee of the CPSU, Andropov was unanimously elected head of the Soviet State, since remained vacant since the death of Brezhnev.

He printed a new rhythm to the foreign policy of his country; He/She tried with great caution to the delicate problem of Polish, began the approach to China and supported the efforts of the UN to achieve a graceful political exit to the situation in Afghanistan. Andropoviana diplomacy would fail in the most serious challenge that had raised: the Euromissiles began to be installed on schedule and, against forecasts of Moscow, NATO countries do not waver, nor the problem caused disputes within the Western block.

When evidence favorable to distention, appeared late in the summer of 1983, a Soviet fighter knocked down a South Korean airliner with 269 people aboard on Sakhalin Island. Occident reacted harshly and Moscow decided to break the dialogue maintained with Washington on tactical, strategic and conventional weapons, when they began to arrive in the old continent the first Euromissiles. It also chose to install more SS-20 missiles, giving Czechoslovakia and GDR short-range rockets and send warships to the outskirts of the American coasts.

In domestic policy, it would leave its fights against corruption, absenteeism and discipline and alcoholism, generating a new law of labor discipline with the aim of increasing productivity-based hand lasts.

His admiration for the Communist Hungarian liberalism was unprecedented: on his death left more autonomy to enterprises and local economic bodies, but reforms were quite timid.

Since 1983, his health deteriorated so that from August it not appeared at any public event. On February 9, 1984, Andropov died after being subjected to a kidney transplant.