Biography of William Archer (1856-1924)

Playwright and Scottish theatrical critic, born in Perth in 1856 and died in London in 1924. Much of his childhood was spent in Norway, and studied at Edinburgh. He/She first worked for the Edinburgh Evening News, and settled in London since 1878. He/She was the drama critic in Figaro, World, Tribune, and Nation newspapers. It took seriously the theater as art and helped incorporate new authors, translations of the works of Henrik Ibsen, who edited the complete works between 1906 and 1908. His translation of the pillars of the society, Ibsen, was premiered in London in 1880. It was an acid sense of humor. As for his work as a theatre critic in London, took his work what H. G. Wells called a "nothing scrupulous integrity".

Friend of Bernard Shaw, claimed that the theatre of his time had a such high quality as spiritual as the Elizabethan theatre, except for Shakespeare, and that it was incomparably superior technically, intellectually and morally to the drama of the restoration. He/She always protested by critics who minusvaloraba to the modern drama. He/She edited the dramatic works of Leigh Hunt and Hazlitt, and essays English Dramatists of Today (English dramatists of today, 1882), Henry Irving (1883), Masks or Faces (1888), William Charles Macready (1890), Study and Stage (1899), America Today (1900), The Old Drama and the New (old and new drama, 1923) and, with Granville-Barker, A National Theatre: Scheme and Estimates (1907). His theatrical criticism in the World, from 1893 to 1897, were collected in the volume The Theatrical World (the world of the Theatre). In 1923 his work The Green Goddess (the Green Goddess) was mounted on the St. James's Theatre. It is a melodrama that is represented 416 times and even was filmed.


AA.VV, theatre in Britain, Madrid, Cuadernos de Investigación de "The public", theatrical documentation centre.

AA.VV., critical history of English Theatre, Alcoy, ivory, 1988.

LÓPEZ, José Luis, dictionary of actors, Madrid, Ediciones JC, 1993.