Biography of Felipe Arco-Agüero (1787-1821)

Military Spanish, born in Villaverde de Pontones (Santander) on February 20, 1787, and died at cortijo de Santa Engrácia (Badajoz), on September 13, 1821. He was the son of Colonel Bernardo Arco-Agüero and Yalif María; He belonged to the family of his father to the Cantabrian nobility and of his mother, of foreign origin, it was linked to the Cádiz bourgeoisie.

He entered the army as a cadet of Royal Spanish guards, and then joined the Corps of engineers. Until 1806, year in which the Deputy inspection of Andalusia, was appointed in Alcalá de Henares, where took the opportunity to further their studies. During the war of independence, it amounted to Captain (in the battle of Bailén) and Lieutenant Colonel at the battle of Medellín (March 28, 1809). He was wounded and made prisoner of war in Valencia, on January 10, 1812. It is not clear if he was released by the French, or if he escaped, the case is presented in Cádiz on May 1, 1812. On June 28, 1813, at Pancorbo, was awarded the cross of San Fernando. It continued fighting under the direct command of Wellington, with whom he went to France. He was severely wounded at the battle of Toulouse, on April 10, 1814. He was then assigned to Andalusia, and more later, in May 1815 and already using the Colonel, it was the army of observation of the Western Pyrenees. He joined then the General staff until its dissolution in 1816. This year he was appointed successively to Navarra, Aragon and, finally, back to Andalusia, where took part in the conspiracy that led to the restoration of the Constitution.

Anything related to these activities, on 10 January 1820 he received 3,000 Reals on loan from the House Isturiz, of Cadiz. Triumphant revolution, was promoted to the job of quarterback, with seniority from March 7, 1820. In April, the army sent him to Madrid as a carrier of two exhibitions, and was enthusiastically received in the capital. The patriotic society of Santander appointed him President born on April 27, 1820, and partner of merit on June 7 of that same year declared the society of lovers of the constitutional order. June 11 was announced his departure to San Fernando, and in November he was appointed military Governor of Sanlúcar de Barrameda - he swore the charge on December 30. He was appointed Governor of Zamora in January 1821, and then general commander of Tuy. In February 1821, it appears in Badajoz, road of Galicia. The trip did by Portugal, suggesting that he had a mission related to the neighboring country. But on 3 may it was already back in Badajoz, having been appointed captain general of Extremadura.

According to a list of the General archive of Palacio, he used the Masonic name of Ciro. The 8 September 1821 noted his presence in the patriotic gathering of Badajoz. 11 protested in a representation to the Minister de Guerra made with irrigation. He died two days later, in the course of a hunt, as a result of a fall to the have been escalating the horse. In 1824, his corpse was desecrated and thrown into a cistern, and the costume that was dressed and coffin were lit fire. Some inquiries were made, but not punished anyone.


"Archivo General de Palacio", 87 PR.

The spectator, no. 156, Madrid, September 17, 1821.

PAEZ RIOS, Elena: Iconography hispanica, 5 vols., Madrid, 1966.

SOJO and LOMBA, Fermin of: "El General Don Felipe de Arco-Agüero", in the magazine of Santander, 1, 1930, pp. 1-18.

The Universal observer Spanish, Madrid, no. 262, September 19, 1821.