Biography of Qazvini Aref (1882-1934)

Iranian poet, born in Qazvin in 1882 and died in 1934. Although he/she adopted the pseudonym of Qazvini Aref to sign his literary writings, his real name was the Mirza Abul-Qasem.

Belonging to a wealthy family - was the son of a relevant official religious-, received from a young age complete academic training that would allow him, time, develop their innate literary vocation. Given the good social position of his family, he/she spent his childhood and youth delivered to leisure and dissipated life, so it didn't feel the birth of his social conscience and political commitment to its early maturity. It was then that, while it was released his first verses, it locked contact with groups of young progressive people of Iran, who were mostly in favor of democracy.Author of poems spanning all genres existing in Persian poetry, Qazvini Aref meant at that time by its composition of numerous revolutionary letters which, in guise of hymns, were adopted by non-conformist youth. This direct intervention in the political affairs of their homeland brought him a long period of exile in Turkey and Iraq, started when he/she was forced to flee their country by police harassment to which it was subjected. It is no wonder that his figure and his work received much attention by the authorities more conservative, because in those years Qazvini Aref already had become a kind of political agitator who, using the poetic as a weapon Word, read his poems in public, came to interpret the revolutionary hymns made their lyrics e, even dedicated some of his poetic rhetoric to exalt the Russian revolution of October 1917.

On his return to Iran, he/she returned to take part in the public life of the country with its support to the coronation of the Shah Reza Khan Pahlavi, whose campaign against the exploitation of the country by foreign companies had the blessing of the famous poet. But soon he/she joined the opposition, in disagreement with some of the radical measures of modernization that had imposed the Shah.