Biography of King of Urartu Argishti I (ca. 786-764 a.C.)

(Ar-gis - tu o Ar-gish-te) King of Urartu, son and successor of Menua and grandson of Ishpuini. Argishti I continued the movement of territorial expansion urartea, not only to the North of their State (Ardakhan and Leninakan campaigns), but also at the expense of territories in the North of Assyria, who although he/she suffered a political decline, was still able to launch military expeditions, led by Shalmaneser IV. In addition, led his troops by the great Hatti (neohititas States), the Northern Euphrates and Tabal. Routes that had their campaigns were marked with steles and stone inscriptions (constitute the famous anal khorkhorianos of the Lake Van), so knowing the limit of his conquests, that were really important and which provided high incomes (boots, taxes) to Urartu. Argishti I promoted the construction of new cities, including Argishti-khilini (today Armavir), located in Transcaucasia and along the left bank of the river Araxes, enclave that it has provided, among other materials, fourteen inscriptions of Argishti I. This city became an important economic and administrative center. Also in the vicinity of the Lake Sevab (Gokai) raised the Citadel of Irpuini (Arin-EBRD today), which set the 6,000 prisoners captured in Syria and in the area north of the Euphrates. The city was to become along with Teishebaini (today Karnir-blur) a powerful military Center. In the area of lake Urmia, defeated countries of Mana and Bushtu, which were tame on different occasions. Its military, religious, and economic activities (gave a boost to the livestock and Agriculture) are known for their texts. Despite the news of his victories, in the inscriptions on statues of two lions, found in Kar-Shalmaneser, the Assyrian turtanu Shamshi-ilu, general Salmanasar IV, boasts of having vanquished Argishti I. As it is well known, to the death of Argishti I his son Sarduri IIsucceeded him.