Biography of Agustín Argüelles Álvarez (1776-1843)

Spanish politician born in Ribadesella (Asturias) August 28, 1776 and died in Madrid on March 26, 1843.

He studied in his home town and later law at the University of Oviedo; Although he obtained the title of lawyer, it was never exercised. He was Secretary of the Bishop of Barcelona until in 1800 he moved to Madrid, where he had a first charge on the Secretariat's interpretation of tongues, whose command was Leandro Fernández de Moratín. In 1805 he moved to office of consolidation of real vouchers and his boss at the same, Sixto Manuel Espinosa, entrusted the secret mission to travel to England to procure the Alliance in this country against France. He left for the British Isles from Madrid on 4 October 1806 and did not return to Asturias until the 7 of December 1808, after having sworn to Fernando VII in London on 11 June last year.

In 1809 he moved to Seville, and there was the Secretary of the Board which was formed to prepare for the meeting of the courts. On 24 January 1810 he was appointed Deputy in the Cortes, first as Deputy and later in property. He knew how to impose on them for their talent and their speaking ability, skills that earned him the nickname of El Divino. He was one of the main drafters of the Constitution of 1812 and author of your preliminary speech, which was published however anonymous. After having promulgated the Constitution, withdrew to rest to Chiclana de la Frontera, where was involved in the alleged conspiracy of Oudinot, accused of republicanism.

Involved with the other Patriots in the proscription of 1814, he was imprisoned in Madrid and, a year later, moved him to Alcudia, Mallorca. He remained deprived of liberty to the triumph of the Constitution in March 1820, made that gave start to the so-called Liberal triennium. 3 April of that year was appointed Minister of the Interior of the Peninsula and systematically used its authority in undo the Revolution itself, that was because of his rise. The circumstances were different from those that had lived in Cadiz years ago; then the village was necessary to fight against Napoleon, but now had to remove it as soon as possible of all democratic attempts, although it was appropriated in the Constitution. The bourgeoisie wanted to govern alone and enjoy one's political rights; in any case, if I had to share them, the choice offered no doubt: the bourgeoisie would ally not with the people who remembered too the French Revolution, but with classes of the ancien régime, the monarchy, the aristocracy, and even the Church, but without giving up to the seizure. So, Argüelles employed thoroughly in the courts its great speaking category and won the defeat of the revolution, irrigation and the liberal system. In progressive sectors of the country became perhaps the most hated character, also by his white glove manners; some recoradaron then your greed, how had claimed salaries overdue since 1814, 36,000 hard said, calculated on the basis that have not fallen the Constitution it would have been Minister.

On March 1, 1821, Argüelles ceased to be a Minister and moved to Asturias. Between 1822 and 1823 he returned to be Deputy for Asturias in the courts, but at the end of the triennium, to the French victories in Spain, he left heading for England (26 October of the last year), where not returned until after the death of Fernando VII. Its two fundamental books were published in London in 1834 and 1835: Appendix to the judgment, published later as 1820 to 1824, and historical examination of constitutional reform that made the General and extraordinary courts. In 1837 he was elected Deputy again and again played a relevant role in the drafting of the Constitution of 1837. Continued being a member without interruption until his death, work which was compatible with its designation as a tutor of the princesses.