Biography of Homero Aridjis (1940-VVVV)

Poet, Narrator, diplomat and Mexican University Professor, born in 1940 in Contepec (in the State of Michoacan). Author of a brilliant and prolific lyric production characterized by exploration of sensuality, the exaltation of eroticism and inquiry in the myths that, since ancient times, have encouraged the universal knowledge (as the fertility or of transcendence), is considered one of the greatest exponents of the poetic prose - or the poem in prose-of Mexican letters of the 20th century.


Dump from his early youth on the study of humanistic disciplines, their first steps into the world of journalism and Spanish literature oriented materials that constituted the object of their university education. Subsequently, his involvement in the political affairs of his nation led him to exercise different positions of high responsibility, including his appointments as Ambassador to Mexico in Switzerland and, subsequently, in the Netherlands. In addition, in his role as a University Professor, for several years he/she gave teaching as a Professor of literature at several universities in the United States of America.

Within his country, Homero Aridjis is also meant for his active militancy in different ecological groups, one of which, known as the "group of 100", was directed by own writer's Cabinet. His constant presence on the Mexican intellectual scene in the second half of the 20th century was reinforced by the magnificent relations that, in his capacity as a journalist, held with the media in his country, where he/she founded the prestigious magazine correspondences and, among other many occupations related to the written press, was editor-in-Chief of dialogue.

But, above all, Aridjis always stood out because of their status as writer and tireless animator of the main forums, cenacles and Mexican literary agencies. After having enjoyed two scholarships at the Mexican Center of writers and the Guggenheim Foundation, he/she attended the Congress of the Pen Club, held in New York in 1966 as the representative of Mexico. In recognition of both his work of animator cultural and amazing quality of his literary work, was the subject of many tributes and awards, notably the Xavier Villaurrutia award, which was awarded in the mid-1960s for his poetry collection titled staring at her sleeping (Mexico: Joaquín Mortiz, 1964).



In General, the poetic production of Homero Aridjis excels by the employment of a fertile and lush, full language of metaphoric admirable achievements and unused echoes of sound fertility. On the Bard of Contepec pen, the word Baroque and torrential plunges through formal channels of atypical extension, almost always subject to moulds and structures that offers the poem in prose, because - in his own words - "to write today a poem very long that you integrated a world or a day of everyday life in narrative formIt is difficult to write in verse, because it would be monotonous". It is not surprising, therefore that their classics relating to soar to its colombrono Homer and the Iliad and the Odyssey, without rejecting this other great influences of the Christian tradition (such as the Bible) and the universal classical culture (like the Divine Comedy of Dante Alighieri).

Regarding the main topics that articulate all of its production, notably his constant interest in the modernization of the ancient myths, the inquiry in the supernatural, the concern for transcendence and, above all, the sensual exaltation of the female body. All this is reflected in their splendid poetic deliveries, among which it is obliged to point out the following titles: the Red Muse (1958); Y eyes (1960); Before the Kingdom (Mexico: was, 1963); Watching her sleep (Mexico: Joaquín Mortiz, 1964); Persephone (Mexico: Joaquín Mortiz, 1967); The blue spaces (1969); About an absence (1976); Ajedrez-navegaciones (Mexico: Siglo XXI, 1969); The child poet (Mexico: Fondo de Cultura Económica, 1971); Burn the ships (Mexico: Joaquín Mortiz, 1975); Live to see (1976); Build death (1982); Images for the end of the Millennium (1986); New expulsion from Paradise (1990); The poet in danger of expulsion (1992); Archbishop making fire (1993) and time of angels (1994). At the end of the 1980s, Homero Aridjis offered a collection of his lyrical creation under the generic title of poetry (Mexico: Joaquín Mortiz, 1987), shows that expanded in 1994, in the volume entitled poetic Anthology (1960-1994).

Narrative work

In his role as Narrator, the Mexican writer broke into the literary scene in his country with a collection of new stories grouped under the title of the tomb of Filidor (Mexico: La Palabra, 1961). Lyric creation was subsequently consecrated until, at the beginning of the eighties, he/she returned to the narrative channels with two interesting books of short stories titled the two thousand year (1981) show and nudist beach (1982). Three years later, gave to the printing press that can certainly be considered his best foray into narrative genre, a splendid historical novel presented under the heading of 1492, life and times of Juan Cabezon of Castile (Mexico: Siglo XXI, 1985). In this work, Aridjis tells a story happened in the Spain prior to the date of the discovery of America, on a dark stage, in which the coexistence of religions gives way to fanaticism Christian of the Catholic monarchs, but treated from a point of view historical and close to objectivity.

A year later, returned to the shelves of the libraries with a volume of short stories titled the last Adam (Mexico: Joaquín Mortiz, 1986). In 1988 he/she published memoirs of the new world, a story of the post-1492 historical stage. Five years later, he/she returned to the shelves of the libraries with the legend of the Suns (1993), a futuristic vision set in the city of Mexico in the year 2027. In 1994, his next novel, entitled the Lord of the last days, raised an interesting issue chiliast, but this time in the year 1000, when the appearance of a comet in the sky was interpreted as a baleful omen that the Antichrist is coming, and with it, the arrival of the end of the world. Finally, in 1995 Homero Aridjis returned to take a stunning leap in time to retrieve the futuristic Mexico in the year 2027, now reflected in the novel entitled what you think when you make love? By all these novels and short stories, the writer of Contepec is currently considered as one of the Mexican writers of greater interest and universal screening.


-AGUILAR MORA, Jorge. "Between poetry and rhetoric without transcendence," in the culture of Mexico (Mexico), 304 (1967), pp. XII-XIII.

-RODRÍGUEZ MONEGAL, Emir. "Dialogue on Persephone. Towards a poetic prose", on Saturday, Supplement of Unomásuno (Mexico), 440 (1986), pp. 1-3.

J. R. Fernández Cano.