Composer of jazz, vocalist, arranger and American performer born February 15, 1905 in Buffalo (New York) with the name of Hyman Arluck, and died on April 23, 1986 in New York. From the age of seven he/she sang in the synagogue where his father was first singer, and at age 15 he/she left school to enter a jazz band to play the piano. He/She went to New York in 1925, and there gained fame writing songs magazine, making arrangements, and as a vocal interpreter. Many of his songs have become classics of jazz due to its catchy melodies and their sense of genuine blues, such as "Ill Wind", "Stormy Weather" and "Blues in the Night".
In New York he/she devoted himself to interpret and arrange, until in 1929 he/she turned definitively to the composition and began his brilliant career in collaboration with lyricist Ted Koehler, opened collaboration with the song "Get Happy". Since the end of the 1920s to mid-1930s, Arlen and Koehler wrote together large number of themes, including "Between the Devil and the Deep Blue Sea" and "I've Got the World on a String", which were interpreted in different performances of Harlem's Cotton Club. Arlen for works of Broadway work includes some music as You Said It, in 1931; Life Begins at 8:40, 1934; Hooray for What?, 1937; Bloomer Girl, 1944; St. Louis Woman in 1946; and Saratoga, of 1959, all with lyrics by Johnny Mercer; as well as House of Flowers in 1954, with lyrics by Truman Capote.
In 1939, Arlen won an Oscar for the theme from the film the wizard of Oz, "Over the Rainbow", with lyrics of E. Y. Harburg and performed by Judy Garland. Other soundtracks of success that he/she wrote are Cabin in the Sky, in 1943, and A Star Is Born, in 1954. Other topics for Hollywood soundtracks included "It completo Only a Paper Moon", "Let's Fall in Love", the song written for Groucho Marx (see Marx Brothers) "Lydia the Tatoo'd Lady" and "That Old Black Magic". Arlen also he/she worked with Ira Gershwin to compose the music for the film The Country Girl, in 1954, starring Bing Crosby, and recorded songs as a vocalist along with Leo Reisman and Cole Porter. Both the film and theatrical societies recognized him and rewarded more than for his work.