Biography of Conde de Urgel Armengol VII (ca. 1125-1184)

Count of Urgell, also known as the Valencia or the Requena, born about 1125 and died 1 August 1184.

He was son of an Arsenda, daughter of the counts of Ager and Armengol VI, at whose death (1154) inherited the County of Urgell, although it had already been associated with the throne in 1149. Soon he/she distinguished himself as a good diplomat in his intervention in the dispute between the Emperor Alfonso and the Moorish Kings of Valencia and Murcia. By that time the count of Urgel helped the count of Barcelona Ramón Berenguer IV in his war with Navarra. Before 1157 Armengol married Doña sweet and in February of the following year acted as justice of the peace in harmony between Ramón Berenguer IV of Barcelona and Sancho III of Castile with regard to the return to Aragon in Zaragoza, Calatayud and other cities that had been conquered by the Emperor Alfonso VII, to which agreed the Castilian King.

Against the tradition of his family, Armengol VII served to Lion King Fernando II and thus formed part of the large company of the Leonese King in his encounter with the newly crowned King of Aragon, Alfonso II (1162). For his services to Fernando II was appointed Butler of the King of León. That year, Armengol and his brother Galcerán fought against Granada in war against the Wolf King of Murcia, being defeated the latter. In 1163 the count of Urgel Agramunt gave his famous Carta Puebla. In 1166 it donated to Juan of Orgañá territories in the Malet monte in which it founded a Premonstratensian monastery which was always favoured by the counts of Urgell: de Bellpuig, consecrated in 1169. In 1167 Armengol fought alongside the King of León in the taking of Alcantara and so decisively its intervention was that Fernando II granted him the Government of the village (23 November 1167). From that moment the count usually resided in Alcantara. To 1069 he/she travelled to his County of Urgell to be interested about the construction of Bellpuig and returned to Castile before May of the following year.

She was present at the signing of the peace between Alfonso VIII of Castile and Alfonso II of Aragon (1170), taking sides with the Spanish side. After 1073 Armengol only left Castile to occupy temporarily the Affairs of Urgel. In 1174 he/she accompanied to Zaragoza to the infanta Doña Sancha for your wedding with Alfonso II of Aragon and from there visited their County States, where granted many exemptions to the inhabitants of Balaguer. Armengol VII made a testament in July 1177, in anticipation of his death in the taking of Cuenca, company that is just commit the Kings of Castilla, León and Aragón. The taking of basin took place in September 1177 and after that the army marched to the conquest of Alarcon, who also was consummated. In 1180 the count of Urgell remained in Leon and began to sign as "steward of the King Fernando". In 1183 granted land on the banks of the Segre for the construction of a new Premonstratensian monastery: that of Bellpuig of hazelnuts. That year left the stewardship of the Kingdom of León in the hands of his son and went to Belvis, where was presented to Alfonso VIII with many Knights for the taking of Valencia. At the turn of his victorious campaign by the Valencian vega Armengol was caught in an ambush that was dead (1184). He/She was buried in Alarcón and finally her remains moved to Santa María de Bellpuig.

Armengol VII had three children: Armengol, who succeeded him in the County; Doña Marquesa, married to Ponce III, Viscount of Cabrera; and Mrs. Miracle.

Bibliography

BOFARULL, A, (civil and ecclesiastical) critical history of Catalonia. Barcelona, 1878.

SLIDING GUTIERREZ, E. The sovereign counts of Urgel and the Premonstratensians. Barcelona, 1964.

SLIDE GUTIERREZ, E. news of the counts of Urgell. Lérida, 1973.

MONFAR, D. history of the counts of Urgell. Barcelona, 1853.

ROVIRA, A. National Història de Catalunya. Barcelona, 1934.

JMMT