Biography of Dinastía. Árpád (???)

Royal dynasty of Hungary, which remained on the throne between the 11th and 13th. Its origin dates back to a tribal chief:

- Árpád, who lived in the century IX, stood out in the Finnish group of heterogeneous initial conglomerate of the Magyar peoples to settle in the middle of the plains of the Tisza and the Danube basin; It has dated its leadership around the year 896 and 907.

- Geiza I, who lived in the century X, grandson of the former, is converted to Christianity and strengthened the process of unification and Magyar sedentarization between 972 and 997.

- Stephen I, born in Esztergom, to 971 and died in Buda, in 1038; son of Géza, received the Royal Crown from Pope Sylvester II in the year 1000, three years after its elevation actually began the national dynasty and the building of the Hungarian State.

- Andrés I, born about 1013 and died in Zirc in 1060; He/She was King of Hungary (1047-1060). Being a Prince of the House of Árpád had to go into exile. Once King, fought for the Crown against his brother Béla. He/She was defeated and mortally wounded on the banks of the Tisza. The monarchical authority underwent a noticeable recoil:

- Andrés II Hierosolimitano, born in 1175 and died in 1235, under whose reign (1205-1235) the high secular and ecclesiastical nobility started great advantages to force him to sign the Golden Bull (1222).

- Solomon, born in 1051 and died in 1087; King of 1057-1063.

- Béla I, King of Hungary, born in 1051 and died in 1074; King from 1063, overthrew the former and reigned until 1074. In 1048, he/she collaborated with Andrés I in his struggle against emperor Enrique III. Subsequently, it returned the weapons against Andrés to secure the succession to the throne, would get with the help of his uncle, the King of Poland, Bolesław the brave. In his brief reign, he/she had to deal with three internal struggles and a war against the Empire. His successors include a:

-Géza I, born in Poland, in 1044 and died in 1077; King of 1074-1077. On his death, the Crown became a:

- Ladislao I, born in 1031 and died in Nyitra, Slovakia, in 1095; King of 1077 to 1095.

-Kalman, born in 1068 and died in 1116; He/She was King of 1095-1116. These sovereigns could evade the powerful gravitation of the Holy Empire, generally supporting the papacy in the investiture struggle, and dynastic link together the Crown of Croatia (from 1102).

- Béla II, the blind man (1108-1141). King of 1131-1141. Called the blind man, as a result of which his uncle Kolomán ordered that they passed him the eyes. He/She conquered Bosnia and defeated the King of Poland, Bolesław mouth twisted, running against him for the throne.

- Bela III, King of Hungary, who lived towards the s. XII; He/She was King of 1172-1196. He/She reigned in the time of greatest expansion, projected on Dalmatia, Bosnia and Transylvania. Son of King Géza II. Educated in the Byzantine Court, he/she shook the cultural and religious ties with Western Europe. It facilitated the spread of Christianity in Hungary and encouraged the establishment of monastic orders.

- Bela IV(1206-1270). King of 1235-1270. Son and successor of Esteban II. Defeated by Batu Khan in the battle of Muhi (1241), he/she had to flee to Dalmatia. When the Mughals withdrew from Hungary, he/she rebuilt the State regaining the territories which had been occupied by Austria. Faced to Serbia and to the Kingdom of Bohemia.

The destruction of the Mongol (1241-1242) invasion plunged into a serious crisis to the Hungarian Kingdom which hit to cope with:

- Ladislaus IV the Cumano, born in 1261 and died in Koroshegy, in 1290; He/She was King from 1271 to 1290.

- Andrés III, King of Hungary, called the Venetian. Born at Venice about 1250 and died in 1301; He/She was King of 1290 to 1301, the last arpadio, the country's resources consumed in their struggles with the Anjou and the Habsburgs. After it was ruled by foreign dynasties (Bohemian, Polish, Angevin).