Politician and Chairman of the nationalist party Vasco (PNV), born on August 24, 1932 in Azcoitia (Guipuzcoa). Bachelor in law and philosophy and letters at the University of Zaragoza, leads the main political force in the Basque country since 1986 and is considered the most powerful man in the Basque country, "the uncrowned king", as it came to claim his old friend, Hans Joseph Horchen German spy.
Raised in a family of wide Carlist tradition (his father was imprisoned for attempting to revolt during the Spanish Civil War to the civil guards in Azcoitia) and limited economic resources, with ten years entered the Seminary of Durango to escape poverty. After graduating in law and philosophy and letters, the Jesuits sent him in 1962 to Frankfurt to study theology, city where he/she specialized in political law and where he/she met many of the 280,000 Spanish emigrants and, above all, a group of Jesuits and anti-Franco lay. When he/she returned to Spain, in 1968, it hung habits and decided to get involved in politics.
For almost a decade he/she taught in the Faculty of science policy of the University of Madrid, in the economics of the University of Bilbao and in the of law of the University of Deusto, until in 1977, he/she left academia to occupy his seat of Deputy in the Congress of Deputies.
Arzalluz had entered in 1969 in the Basque nationalist party and since 1971 was part of the regional body of the party in Biscay (Bizkai Buru Batzar) and of the National Executive (Euskadi Buru Batzar) of the PNV. He/She headed the list of candidates for this training through Guipúzcoa in the face of the general election of June 15, 1977 and won the seat in the lower House. During the constituent, it formed part of the Joint Committee to rework the draft amnesty law and defended in Parliament the rights of the Basque people claiming its Statute of autonomy. His experience in Madrid was not very good, although some of his parliamentary speeches, like the one that defended the amnesty law, are among the brightest of the legislature.
In the elections of March 1, 1979 was re-elected Deputy of the PNV for Guipúzcoa and formed part of the Standing Committee and the commissions of Presidency, Foreign Affairs, constitutional, universities and research. He/She was also member of the Council of Europe and spokesman of the Basque minority in the Chamber of Deputies. In December 1979 he/she resigned from his seat of Deputy in the Parliament to be elected President of the Bizkai Buru Batzar (BBB) and, four months later, also President of Euskadi Buru Batzar (EBB), maximum organ of the PNV, replacing Carlos Garaicoechea, who resigned due to incompatibility of this office with the Presidency of the Basque Government. Installed in the belief that exercise the nationalist command is to remain at the helm of the party, and not in the exercise of a public office, Arzalluz never attended an election. During these years it was strengthening its image of the charismatic leader of the nationalist community, condition implicitly recognized even by radical sectors away from the discipline of the PNV. So put it clear in discussions about contacts with ETA, which remained with the Member of the joint group, Juan María Bandrés, in the summer of 1985. Although in May 1984, he/she finished his first term as President of the party, its influence continued to be decisive and returned to assume the Presidency of the peneuvista Executive in February 1986. Since then, he/she was re-elected to the post in successive congresses of the PNV.
In regional elections held on October 28, 1990, his party obtained relative majority, with 22 seats against 16 of the PSE-PSOE. Thanks to the partnership with EA and EE, the nationalists achieved the absolute majority and re-elected as lehendakari José Antonio Ardanza .
On April 30, 1996, and once in the general election of March win the Popular Party (PP) by relative majority, Xabier Arzalluz sealed the Pact that gave the Conservative leader the support from the Basque nationalists for his inauguration as President of the Spanish Government in Madrid with José María Aznar. In contrast, the Basque Executive managed increased powers and fiscal autonomy.
An advocate of the right of self-determination to have place in the Magna Carta, on July 16, 1998 Arzalluz participated in Barcelona in the first meeting held by the main nationalist parties of the Spanish State (PNV, CiU and BNG), culminating in the Barcelona Declaration; a document requesting a greater recognition of plurinationality of the State. In 1998 he/she insisted the bet via the sovereign with the signing of the Pact of Lizarra.
Verb and speech easy, some say that it uncovers the "Thunder box" for his statements, which have given rise to controversy not infrequently. He/She never writes his speeches; It's enough to previous moments of reflection while walking. Man alone, is no friend of the social pomp, as demonstrated them during his time as Deputy in Madrid when he/she refused to attend the onomastics feast of the King, which met for the first time at the Palacio Real to the new political class of democracy.