Biography of Hilario Ascásubi (1807-1875)

Poet, journalist, and Argentine politician, born in Buenos Aires in January 14, 1807 and died on 17 November 1875. Author of a vast poetic production that helped consolidate the figure of the gaucho as the central archetype of the nineteenth-century Argentine poetry, is meant in his time for his continuing political activity in defense of the unionist cause.

In his restless youth, Hilario Ascásubi took an active part in the war against Brazil and intervened in the internal politics of their country under the leadership of Lavalle. Subsequently, spoke explicitly against the dictator Juan Manuel de Rosas, what brought you two years of prison (1830-1832) and a long exile in Montevideo (Uruguay), where it was introduced in cultural life thanks to the founding of two newspapers and the publication of various poetic compositions, Gaucho themes and satirical content, directed against the policy of roses. In 1853, these poetic pieces were collected in the volume entitled Paulino Lucero Trovos (one of the literary pseudonyms Hilario Ascásubi used throughout his long creative career).

On his return to Argentina, after the fall of Juan Manuel de Rosas (1852), Ascasubi enlisted in the ranks of the Unionist Party and gradually was gaining some recognition as a militant politician and writer laureate. So, he/she founded and directed for six years (1853-1859) a curious journal which, under the name of Aniceto el Gallo - another of his nicknames, came out to the street entirely made by the own Ascasubi, and drafted both in prose and in verse. Already established as one of the most outstanding figures of social, political and cultural life of his time, became in one of the best partners of the political, military, and Argentine writer Bartolomé Mitre, who in 1860 sent to Hilario Ascásubi to Paris, on political roles of high responsibility and great importance for the Unionist Party.

Return to his native country, Buenos Aires poet concentrated on his role as a literary creator, engaging in the composition of his most ambitious work. After many years of work, he/she finally saw light in Paris in 1872, Santos Vega or the twins of the flower, a comprehensive poem (of more than thirteen thousand verses), in key of Gaucho folletín, recounts the ups and downs of the life of two brothers, one good and another bad. But behind the brilliant dramatic features that staged the experiences of the gauchos in the grasslands of the pampas, behind descriptive snippets that Ascasubi reaches heights of intractable lyricism, and behind, even spectacular linguistic findings that the poet puts in the mouth of its protagonists, always looks pulsating dimension socio-political writing of Ascasubi, with which Santos Vega or the twins of the flower becomes, to the dessert, in an allegory of the history of the Argentina. Among the mentioned language successes of this iconic piece of Gaucho literature, it is bound to highlight in this brief long periods held between payadores, in which shines in an extraordinary way seemingly clumsy language that reflected the characters in all its authenticity.