Biography of Bashar al- o Asad Bachar el Assad (1966-VVVV)

Head of the Syrian State, born in the Arab Republic of Syria in 1966, third of five children of Syrian President Hafez al-Assad, who replaced after his death which occurred on June 10, 2000.

After finishing his medical studies in London, he/she decided to specialize in ophthalmology, career that did not conclude, as in 1994, he/she was summoned by his father to take the place of which he/she had been appointed his political successor, Basel - al-Assad, who unfortunately died in traffic accident. Already in Damascus, he/she began the road to power with a crash course in political administration, and another of military training that led him, in 1997, to the rank of Lieutenant Colonel in the army of Syria; two years later his father conferred the rank of Colonel. Among its tasks during the year of 1999 were the computerization of the Syrian infrastructure - is due to Bashar, the introduction of Internet in the country, and issues with Lebanon and Jordan; in fact, his trip to the Jordanian capital on the occasion of the death of King Hussein was a rapprochement between the two Nations, aimed to restore sirio-jordanas relations have deteriorated since the latter country signed the separate peace with Israel in 1994.

The death of the "Lion of Damascus", Bashar Al - Assad was proclaimed head of State and was put at the head of the Baath party; previously, Parliament had reformed the Constitution to downgrade to 34 years (exactly which then had Bashar) the required age for the Presidency of the country. It announced that it modernise and democratizaría the country at the time which would maintain fidelity to the historic commitments of Syria with the Lebanon or the Palestinian cause. New President gave clear signs of willingness to change by releasing more than 500 political prisoners and allowing the progressive national front to resume his political activities. Among the measures aimed at the economic sector, he/she stressed the order to end the State monopoly in the banking system and advanced a relentless struggle against corruption. Everything seemed to indicate that indeed the Syrian policy ran by a new course towards détente and openness to the outside.

In December 2000, sources close to the Syrian Administration assured that the President would suspend the State of emergency decreed by his father in 1963, despite the reluctance of the old political guard imminently. Nevertheless, the shy process of opening that began after taking power was contingent on the economic development of the country and the emergency law continued force. In May 2001, the Syrian President visited Spain in what was his first official trip to Europe. In the fall of 2003, the President made public his intention to form a new Executive to continue the process of economic and political reforms in the country. On 10 September he/she accepted the resignation of the outgoing Government, led by Mohamed Mustafá Miró, and appointed Prime Minister Mohamed Naji Otri, a well-known reformer of the Baath party, which was, at that time, the Presidency of the Syrian Parliament.

Bashar Al-Assad lived one of the most delicate moments of his political career in the beginning of the month of March 2005. Days ago, the assassination of former Lebanese Prime Minister Rafik Hariri, sparked an angry popular uprising against Syria in Beirut and led to the fall of the prosirio Government of Omar Karamé in Lebanon. Since then intensified pressure from the international community, led by the United States and the United Nations and followed by the Arab countries and Russia - unconditional ally of Syria - on the regime in Damascus that his troops leave Lebanon's imminent, and on 5 March the President announced the withdrawal in the Parliament. Al-Assad said, however, that the withdrawal would be in two stages: the first would move to 15,000 Syrian troops to Valley of the Bekaa, in eastern Lebanese, and the second on the other side of the border, already in Syrian territory. On April 26, the last Syrian soldiers left Lebanese soil and with a symbolic ceremony celebrated the end of 29 years of occupation.

Hariri's assassination continued planning for the high Syrian policy in successive months, and at the end of October, the research sponsored by United Nations Commission concluded its report with a devastating revelation for the interests of Damascus. According to the investigative organ, Syrian and Lebanese secret services participated in the attack that on 14 February ended the lives of the former Lebanese Prime Minister. The inspectors then announced his desire to interview the Syrian President himself but Al-Assad declined to submit to an interrogation on this subject, under the justification that would violate national sovereignty.

Bashar Al-Assad was re-elected President of his country in the referendum held on 27 May 2007 after obtaining the 97,62% of the votes, a percentage higher than that achieved in consultation with that in 2000 agreed to power.