(Ash-shur-akh-iddina or ASH-shur-PAP-ASH) Assyrian king, son and successor of Sennacherib and Naqi' to (Zaqutu), Aramaic Princess. Being his father murdered while praying in the Temple of Nineveh by one of his sons, erupted a short civil war (42 days) that could be bridged by Assarhaddon defeating his brothers. Once on the throne, after represaliar to the partisans of the murderers of his father, put finances in order and returned the ancient privileges to Assyrian noble classes. Then devoted himself to the task of restoring Babylon, ruined by his father, leaving his brother Na'id-Marduk as sovereign of the country of the sea. After a few campaigns in Elam, was forced to do by the west facing a violent raid of Cimmerians, who had come down from the Caucasus, RAID which was exploited by large areas of Anatolia to circumvent the Assyrian yoke. Then, he/she made a lightning campaign by Northeastern Arabia, arriving in Dilmun, the Persian Gulf, as well as various operations of punishment for Syria and Phoenicia (destruction of Sidon, Byblos (Jbeil) submission, submission of Manasseh of Judah and wrens of Ashkelon, Gaza and Edom, Moab, Ammon). Having secured in Syria and Palestine peace, launched an attack against the Egyptians to eliminate its influence in these countries, company that ended in defeat. He/She was also to remain vigilant with the maneos (Lake Van), the Medes, the qutu and other populations of the Zagros Mountains.
Another problem that was always present was the of Urartu, whose King Russian II had managed to agree on a coalition with escitas and Cimmerians. In order to avoid it, Assarhaddon organized a deterrent operation, at the time, according the marriage of his daughter with the Scythian Chief Partatua. The end of his reign was aggravated by a dynastic issue, given the death of his son major non-iddin-apla. This premature death, the memory of their own access to the throne and the disappearance of his other sons, Assur-etil-shame-uirs-siti-ballitsu and Assur-mukin-palia, motivated him to divide the Empire among the two children remaining you: Assurbanipal to Assyria and Babylon to Shamash-shum-ukin, solution that did not have the approval of the Assyrian court or with the clergy, but that had to be finally accepted. Solve this serious problem, Assarhaddon prepared the conquest of Egypt (671 BC). After a few preliminary skirmishes in Tyre and Ascalon, the Assyrian troops entered Egypt and took Memphis, which Pharaoh Taharqa (25th dynasty) was forced to flee to the South of his country. Assarhaddon might as well take the title of "King of Kings of Shushur (Egypt), (high Egypt) Patros and Kush (Ethiopia)". However, upon retiring the Assyrian king, the Egyptians revolted and had to be contained by the Assyrian occupation troops. The following year, Assarhaddon, which had remained in Assyria to reduce unruly part of the nobility, he/she returned back to Egypt, but during the journey he/she died suddenly while crossing Syria. His son Assurbanipal, appointed heir some years earlier succeeded him on the throne.