British mathematician featured, born April 22, 1929, in Hampstead, London. Among others, Abel has received the prestigious distinction of the award in 2004.
His father was a Lebanese writer Edward Atiyah, who married Jean Levens, Scottish, and they had 4 children. He was educated at a primary school in Khartoum, Sudan, from 1934 to 1941, and secondary school in Cairo and Alexandria, in Egypt, until 1945. In this school he took contact with the children of the European nobility who had moved there because of the second world war, and also with future leaders of the Arab countries. "I started to change coins to all my colleagues, in every country he traveled, with profits, so my father said that I would be a good mathematician."
He completed his studies at the Manchester Grammar School in 1947, and carried out his military service until the year 1949, in the Corps of engineers. He studied at the prestigious Trinity College, Cambridge, from which he graduated with graduate studies in 1955. He prepared his doctorate with Willian V.D. Hodge, got it for his thesis called some applications of topological methods in algebraic geometry.
In 1955 he married Lily Brown, with whom he had 3 children. He spent a year at the Institute for advanced study, in Princeton. In 1957 he returned to Cambridge, where he took research and teaching tasks. Since 1958 he was researcher at the Pembroke College, until the year 1961, when it settled at the University of Oxford, occupying square of researcher in the St. Catherine´s College until 1963. He held the geometry Savilian Chair at New College, Oxford, from 1963 to 1969. He returned to Princeton for three years to teach at the Institute for advanced study, after which he returned to Oxford, was a fellow of the Royal Society, fellow at St. Catherine´s College and took over the tasks of the Presidency of the London Mathematical Society from 1974 to 1976.
Atiyah participated actively at the international level, as President of the Conference on Science and international affairs known as Pugwash, from 1997 to 2002, making important contributions to the European mathematical society and the Association of European academies. He was involved in the creation of the Isaac Newton Institute for mathematical sciences in Cambridge, being its first director from 1990 to 1996, President of the Royal Society from 1990 to 1995, Master de el Trinity College from 1990 to 1997, he was chancellor of the University of Leicester, from 1995 to 2005, and President of the Royal Society of Edinburgh from 2005 to 2008. Professor Atiyah has retired, but remains, however, an Honorary Professor of the University of Edinburgh.
It has maintained close collaborations with several of his colleagues, in particular with Raoul Bott, Friedrich Hirzebruch and Isadore Singer. Some of his students have also been recognized for his work, which include Graeme Segal, Nigel Hitchin and Simon Donaldson. With Hirzebruch topological theory K, fundamental tool in algebraic topology, which can describe the ways in which larger space folds was founded. The best known result is theorem Atiyah-Singer, shown by both in 1963, used very frequently, with capacity to provide a method to count the number of independent solutions for several different differential equations. It has trabjado in the solution of problems posed by the theoretical physics, which could bring associated with subtle but important fixes in the field of quantum theory.
The leading Professor Atiyah has received several awards for its developments, the main being the Fields Medal in 1966, the Copley Medal in 1988 and the prize Abel in 2004. Other awards include the Royal Medal of the Royal Society in 1980, of Morgan of the London Mathematical Society Medal in 1980, the prize Antonio Feltrinelli's Accademia Nazionale dei Lincei in 1981, the international prize King Faisal Prize for Science in 1987, the Benjamin Franklin Medal of the American Philosophical Society Medal in 1993, the Medal for the centanario of birth of Jawaharlal Nehru of the National Academy of India, in 1993, and the Presidential Medal of the Institute of Physics in 2008.
He has been elected m member of the following academic institutions: the National Academy of Sciences (Great Britain), the American Academy of Arts and Sciences (United States), the Académie des Sciences (France), the Akademie Leopoldina (Belgium), the Royal Swedish Academy (Sweden), the Royal Irish Academy (Ireland), the Royal Society of Edinburgh Scotland), the American Philosophical Society (United States), the Indian National Science Academy (India), the Chinese Academy of Science (China), the Australian Academy of Science (Australia), the Russian Academy of Science (Russia), the Ukrainian Academy of Science (Ukraine), the Georgian Academy of Science (Georgia), the Academy of Sciences of Venezuela, the Norwegian Academy of Science and Letters (Norway), the Royal Academy of Sciences (Spain), the Accademia dei Lincei (Italy) and Muscovite society of Mathematics (Russia).
He has received honorary degrees and distinctions at the universities of Bonn, Warwick, Durham, St Andrews, Dublin, Chicago, Cambridge, Edinburgh, Essex, London, Sussex, Ghent, Reading, Helsinki, Salamanca, Montreal, Wales, Lebanon, Queen's (Canada), Keele, Birmingham, UMIST, Brown, Heriot-Watt, Mexico, Oxford, Hong Kong (China University), the Open University, American University of Beirut, the Technical University of Catalonia and Leicester.
Atiyah received the title of Knight Bachelor in 1983, and received the order of merit in 1992. The buildings Michael Atiyah in Leicester, and Professor Michael Atiyah in mathematical sciences from the University of Beirut were named in his honor.