Biography of Bernardo Atxaga (1951-VVVV)

Novelist, poet and essayist Spanish in the Basque language, born in Asteasu (Guipúzcoa) on 27 July 1951, whose real name is Joseba Irazu Garmendia.

Graduated in economics from the University of Bilbao and also studied philosophy at the University of Barcelona. His book of poetry (1978) Ethiopia is a beautiful fresco between Dadaist and expressionist, and is considered a capital work in the evolution of the current Basque poetry. In 1983 he/she published the essay Donostiako Iria (1983). His novels include the avant-garde Ziutateaz (1976), Antonino apretaren istoria (1982), Chuck Aranberri dentist bat baten etxean (1982), Sugeak txoria'ri begiratzen dioneam (1984), Bi Arraz and hunting (1986).

In 1989 he/she received the Premio Nacional de Narrativa for his book of stories Obabakoak (1988), which in 2005 was brought to film by Montxo Armendáriz, who pointed out have been "unfaithful to the structure of the book but, true to his spirit"; the film, entitled Obaba, adapted eight of the 28 stories of the book.

Atxaga published the novel the only man in 1993 (Gizona bere bakardadean) and five years later the collection of disparate texts list of crazy and other alphabets. That same year ventured into children's literature with the series of stories the bambulisticas stories of Bambulo, a dog without breed or pedigree, which the artist Mikel Valverde illustrated.

In 1996 it appeared a new anthology of texts and poems under the title new Ethiopia, which also included a CD in which different singers and Basque groups musican poems from Atxaga. Two years later appeared the trial Groenlandiako lezioa ("the lesson of Greenland") (1998)

With Soinujolearen semea (the accordionist's son), published in 2004, and it took him seven years of work, he/she won the national Critics Award for the best work in Basque. With this work, translated into Spanish by the author himself, closed Odaba, started with Obabakoak cycle. In the words of the author himself, Soinujolearen semea, his most ambitious work, "is the end of a world, and at the same time it is death that precedes resurrection".

Obaba cycle has been completed, he/she published the works Lekuak ("places") (2005) and Markak. Gernika 1937 ("brand. Guernica 1937 ") (2007), on which contains reflections about the bombing of Gernika. In 2009 he/she published the novel Zazpi etxe Frantzian ("seven houses in France), in simultaneous versions in Euskara, Spanish, catalan and Galician.

Bernardo Atxaga's work is written and published in Basque, although it has been translated into numerous languages. In fact, is the writer in Basque language most read and translated.

Throughout his life he/she has been awarded numerous awards including Donostiako Hiria (1979, 1983), the Premio Nacional de Narrativa (1989), the Euskadi literature prize (1989, 1991, 1996, 1997), the prize of the critics (1979, 1985, 1988, 1993), award of the three crowns of the Pyrenees Atlantic (1995), SM Award for children's literature and young (1995), honorary prize of the Basque Club of Barcelona (1996)Prize of the Association of booksellers of Paris "Mille Pages" (1991), award of the society of European libraries IMPAC (1997), prize Eusko Ikaskuntza-Caja Laboral Humanities, culture, arts, and Social Sciences (2002)... Also has been finalist of the Prix Europa (1990) and twice finalist, as well as the won, the Premio Nacional de Narrativa (1993, 2003).

In 2006 he/she was appointed a full member of the Royal Academy of the Basque language and in November 2010 he/she was also appointed member of Jakiunde, the Academy of Sciences, arts and letters.