Biography of Gabriel Audisio (1900-?)

Poet, Narrator, essayist and French dramatist, born in Marseille on July 27, 1900. In his abundant literary excels above any other kind, granted attention to poetic creation, which was revealed to be a poet entertaining and varied interested by rhythmic and formal simplicity, but at the same time by the gravity of the contents, in which knowledge from their rich life experiences and derived from its broad humanistic scholarship are mixed in equal parts.


Born in a family of Italian descent in which he/she had a long artistic tradition (composed of, primarily, musicians and performers of the opera), he/she received from child careful academic training that guided his steps along the path of the humanities and helped him to develop his innate creativity very soon. He/She resided, in addition, during his childhood and youth in places as varied as Montpellier, Dijon, Algiers - where his father, son of a Piedmontese and a Savoyard, was three times director of the Municipal Theater-, Marseille, Strasbourg and Aix-en-Provence, which helped to expand their mental horizons and their knowledge of different customs, languages and cultures, knowledge that the end extended through some intense college that allowed graduating in lettersLaw and Muslim civilization.

During World War II, despite his youth - he/she had only fourteen when exploded the race-, Gabriel Audisio enlisted as a volunteer in the army of his nation. On his return to the civil normality, he/she began a brilliant career in public life that led him to important positions in the General Government of Algeria (1920-1929), where he/she returned to France as head of the Algerian propaganda services. Subsequently, he/she served the same political/diplomatic representation on behalf of other Nations, at the time which was deploying intense literary activity which placed him among the leading figures of the interwar French intellectuality.

Following the outbreak of the second world war, the marseillais writer had opportunity to again demonstrate his strong patriotic convictions, now put at the service of the resistance, which made important clandestine missions. Among its most prominent actions against the German occupation, it should be recalled the active role it played in some cultural projects as relevant as "Editions de Minuit", in whose Foundation intervened actively Gabriel Audisio, what led you to their arrest and detention in Fresnes (1943).

Already released, Audisio continued to develop an intense diplomatic work that led him to occupy other positions of high responsibility, as Director of the Algerian service of information and press and Cultural counselor for the State Ministry of Algerian Affairs. Already by then, enjoyed a splendid and fun printed production from literary reputation in the most varied genres (story, novel, poetry, essays and Theatre), it had been offering since the 1920s, production that earned him - among other honors and prestigious literary awards – the prize of the Académie française (in its invitation to 1945) and the Prix de la Société des Gens des Lettres (which went to Audisio Edition 1953). In addition, marseillais writer was named Knight of the Legion of Honor and a permanent member of the jury of the prize Paul Valéry.


Gabriel Audisio burst onto the literary scene of the 1920s with a collection of poems entitled Hommes au Soleil (1923), which then came to join other many titles ascribed to the poetic, as Poème de la Joie (1924) genre, La Guirlande Ald-el-Tif (1927), Ici-bas (1927), Antee (1932), Le Hautbois d'amour (1932), Bucelle (1934), Trois Chants du 14 Juillet (1937), La Cage ouverte (1938)Blessures (1940), poèmes du lustre noir (1944), Rhapsodies of l'amour terrestrial (1949), Dix-sept fables (1950), Danger of Fri (1953), L'Hyppocrite Sacré (1954), Canards sauvages et autres fables (1956) and - among other - Feux vivants (1957). Among the most noteworthy features of this extensive lyric production, it should be emphasized his passion for light and the colours of its landscapes next and loved (what has led him to be recognized in the lyrics of French as one of the great "poets of the Mediterranean"), as well as his exaltation of a lucid, erudite and gentle humanism that combines the desire to live with the universal aspiration of man to feel - through their travels, their studies, their experiences and their memories - heir and transmitter of a millenary heritage. There are, in addition, in his verses a vivid presence elements of nature and, in what the formal aspects is concerned, a clear preference for the rhythmic, estroficos and linguistic models of greater simplicity (simplicity that contrasts with the depth and severity of most of its content).

Aside from this broad and fruitful poetic production, Gabriel Audisio also cultivated with success and success among French readers of twentieth-century prose of fiction, to which contributed some titles so worthy of remembrance as Heliotrope (1928), Les auguries (1932), Les Compagnons de l'Ergarder (1941), Le Colombier de Puyvert (1953) and Contretemps (1963) and n' and pas croire (1966). But, in his role as a prose writer, he/she excelled mainly by the sharpness, clarity, depth and expository clarity of his numerous essays, in which showed that vast erudition that had accumulated on the territories of North Africa and, in general, of the Islamic countries and Muslim culture. Between sos works of essay, is obliged mention the titled La vitam des M'Sirda (1925), the inlaid of terre émaillée dans l'Architecture musulmane d'occidente (1927), Cagayons (1931), Jeneusse de la Méditerranée (1935), Sel de la Mer (1936), Amour d' Algiers (1938), La Leçon d'Abrard (1940), Misère de notre poesie (1943), Feuilles de Fresne (1945), Ulysse ou l'intelligence (1946), Canaille (1951), tête d'Africa ou Le Genie de l'Afrique du Nord (1952)Voyage to the Kasbah (1953), Le Genie de l'Afrique du Nord, Saint Augustin to Albert Camus (1955), Notes sur les Confessions de Saint Augustin (1955) and Louis Brauquier (1966).

The rest of the print production of Gabriel Audisio comprises the theatrical piece entitled Incarnatus ou La Victoire des Morts (1951) and the valuable biographical study La Vie of Haroun - el-raschid (1930).


AUBARÈDE, Gabriel d'. "Gabriel Audisio", in Les Nouvelles littéraires (August 1961).

BOISDEFREE, Pierre. Les écrivains Français d'aujourd ' jui (Paris: Presses Universitaires de France, 1965).

BOISDEFREE, Pierre. La Poésie française de Baudelaire a US jours (Paris: Perrin, 1966).

DUBRUCA GALIN, Danielle. Contemporary French literature (Palma de Mallorca: University Press, 1988).

ORTEGA ÁLVAREZ, M. contemporary French poetry (1915-1965). Bilingual Anthology (Madrid: Akal, 1983), 2 vols.

Robles, Emmanuel. "Pour saluer Audisio", in Lire (April 1953).

SUSINI, Jean. Gabriel Audisio, le méditerranéen (Ales: Cevennes, 1958).