Biography of Aurelio. King of Asturias (768-774)

Fifth King of Asturias since year 768 until the date of his death. Born in place and dates unknown, and died in Cangas de Onis in 774. A revolt of the slaves took place during his reign.

Son of count Fruela, brother of Alfonso I the Catholic, and the wife, Nuna, just we have biographical note about the first years of his life, although since his birth should be treated of privilege, owing leading position which his father held in the Court of his uncle.

Despite the few data available, everything seems to indicate that Aurelio was one of the nobles who openly showed their discontent with Fruela I, by that from very early dates due por lo que desde fechas muy tempranas debio apoyar support the cause of Vimarano and after the death, in the year 767 or the year 768, was placed at the head of the nobles who carried out the murder of the monarch mentioned in year 768which would explain that in the subsequent election, he/she was elected to the Asturian throne almost without opposition and that the future Alfonso II el Casto had abruptly fled with his mother to the Vardulias, along with the family.

During the reign of Aurelio, which barely lasted 6 years, is detected for the first time in the astures monarchs a profound change of attitude towards Muslims, since after the advent of this to the throne began negotiations with the Court of Abd al - Rahman I, in order to obtain the peace between the two kingdoms. In this way because of the position of force that served as the first emir Omeya, Aurelio had to buy peace at a very high price, which resulted in the payment of major tributes, both in currency and in kind, and that forced the Asturian King to deliver large numbers of hostages as a guarantee of their intentions.

While rey Aurelio was able to maintain peace on the outside, not is the same on the inside of his Kingdom, where there was an uprising of the slaves, who are qualified by some chroniclers as Freedmen. So while all the Asturian Chronicles preserved speak to us of this uprising, at any time tell us about the causes that led to this violent outbreak. Some researchers attribute to the increase in the tax burden, the main cause which justifies this revolt, which was very difficult to silence, although finally the servants were placated and returned to their work, primarily agricultural.

We do not know if Aurelius married throughout his life and if you had offspring, although everything seems to point that this remained unmarried, since at no time in the aforementioned Asturian chronicles it is named none of their descendants.

Installed during all his reign in Cangas de Onís, del rey Aurelio died in 774, apparently of natural causes, and was succeeded by Silo, the husband of his cousin Adosinda, being deposited remains in Langreo.

Bibliography

GIL FERNANDEZ, j., MORALEJO, j. L., RUIZ DE LA PEÑA, J. I. Chronicles Asturianas. (Oviedo, Universidad de Oviedo, 1985).

JOVER ZAMORA, J. M. history of Spain. Muslim Spain (711-1031). (Madrid, Espasa-Calpe, 1994).

Martin, J. L. Manual of history of Spain. The medieval Spain. (Madrid, history 16, 1993).

MENÉNDEZ PIDAL, R. history of Spain. The beginning of the Reconquista (711-1038). (Madrid, Espasa-Calpe, 1976).

MENÉNDEZ PIDAL, R. history of Spain. Christian Spain from the 8th to the 11th. The United Astur-leones (722-1037). (Madrid, Espasa-Calpe, 1976).