Biography of John Lubbock Avebury (1834-1913)

Anthropologist, archeologist, politician and English naturalist. He was born in 1834, in London, and died at Kingsgate Castle, County of Kent (England), in the year 1913. He was the first to introduce a clear division of the stone age, setting the Palaeolithic and Neolithic periods.

Member of a wealthy, to the fifteen year-old bourgeois family began working in the family banking business, acquiring a scientific training largely self-taught for that reason. His passion for the natural sciences emerged by having as a neighbor, from the year 1842, Charles Darwin, which maintained a close collaboration and friendship until the death of the famous naturalist. In the year 1855, Lubbock joined the prestigious Geological Society a proposal from his friend and also naturalist Lyell, where was able to develop all your inquiries with total freedom and dedication as a member. Fruit of his splendid work in the year 1858 was elected member of the Royal Society, as a result of a special studies that were presented to scholars by the footballer Charles Darwin, who did not hesitate an instant guarantee the income of a young member.

Due to the desire to learn and an innate curiosity and research capacity, Lubbock expanded his field of study to delve into the fascinating world of Entomology, basically focusing on the study of the behavior of insects and their sensory skills and learning. Convinced supporter of "natural selection" proposed by Darwin after this trip around the world aboard the Beagle, Lubbock contributed decisively to the popularising Darwinism. In the field of archaeology, another field that was passionate, Lubbock explained the prehistory in terms of evolutionary, identifying the prehistoric cultures like clear predecessors of modern civilization, which faced the defenders of archaic and obsolete theories which were based on the cultural difusionismo.

As a member of Parliament, militant in the Liberal Party, Lubbock was a brilliant political career that enabled him to be named sir and purchased the barony of Avebury. Of all his scientific production highlights two works: Prehistoric Times, in 1865 (prehistoric times), and The Origin of Civilization and the Primitive Condition of Man, in the year 1870 (the origin of civilization and the primitive conditions of the man).