Biography of Héctor Azar (1930-2000)

Poet, Narrator, essayist, playwright, lawyer and Mexican University Professor, born in the State of Puebla in 1930 and died in the city of Mexico on May 11, 2000.

Descended from Lebanese immigrants through his father, came to the world in a low-income family whose precarious situation worsened more following the premature death of the father, caused when the very young Héctor still had failed one year of age. For this reason, suffered a traumatic childhood in which the monetary difficulties came to such an extent that, as it reported more late own writer, forced the family to live in the "market of Tacuba, an underworld where people played the space rats".

Despite these harsh living conditions, Héctor Azar showed from childhood an extraordinary intellectual curiosity that led him, in his younger days, to regularly attend public schools, where he/she forged a strong cultural background and began to establish their first contact with the world of the scene. Soon it became one of the main organizers of the theatre student, responsible for the formation of several groups and author of some of the texts carrying tables. It locked contact then with some authors who exerted a decisive influence on all his work dramatic, as the feminist writer Rosario Castellanos and Ángel María Garibay. With the passage of time, its bright theatrical record should keep the memory of their intervention that is decisive in the formation of numerous groups and companies, among which it is obliged to mention the theatre of the horse, the theatre of the University City, University Theatre Company, Forum Isabelino, national theatre company and Performing Arts Center A.C.

After overcoming all economic and social difficulties which put him ahead, Héctor Azar got access to the classrooms of the University of national Autónoma de Mexico, where he/she graduated Bachelor in law and French and Spanish lyrics. Dedicated to teaching - but never detached from his passion for the art of Talia - then, he/she served as director of the Department of theatre of the University; In addition, he/she was head of the Department of theatre of the National Institute of fine arts, director of the Alarconianas Conference and Secretary of culture of his home State. His tireless work at the forefront of these and other cultural institutions, coupled with the brilliance of his literary work and the effectiveness of its activity as a teacher, reported you numerous honours and distinctions, among which stand out the prestigious literary award Xavier Villaurrutia Award and the National University Prize to those who stand out for their teaching work.

Some of the titles of literary creation given by Héctor Azar to the printing press had its theoretical correlation in the fertile trials that the author published in the last stage of his career. The first, include the graduates the Appassionata (Mexico: the Unicorn, 1958), Potter (Mexico: University Press, 1958), Olympic (Mexico: Fondo de Cultura Económica, 1962) and immaculate (Mexico: Novaro, 1963); and his essays on the world scene, include Zoon Theatrykon (Mexico: UNAM, 1978) and the Greek tragedy in Mexican Theatre (Mexico: UNAM, 1980). Especially interesting is the reading of the first of these two factual texts, in which Héctor Azar exposes his theory about the conception of man as a "theatrical animal" (zoon theatrycon), opposite the Aristotelian cataloging of "civic animal" (zoon politykon). Elaborating on the importance of the theater, the playwright of Puebla arrives to assert its supremacy with respect to life itself, since, according to his thesis, in the dramatic representation facts that happen is determined by the will of the author, and not by fate (as in existence human). Finally, it should be recalled that, in his particular vision about the art of Talia, Mexican dramatist considered Theatre as "the most objective reflection of life" which can make the human being, which is conceived not capable of surviving without resorting again to the exercise of the theatrical.

In addition to the above titles, Héctor Azar was the author of a brilliant narrative work entitled the first three people (Mexico: Grijalbo, 1977).


CASTELLANOS, Rosario: "praise and epithalamium", in Excelsior (Mexico, on April 27, 1968).

GONZÁLEZ PEÑA, Carlos: History of Mexican literature (Mexico: Ed. Porrúa, 1984).

J. R. Fernández Cano.