Biography of King of Amurru Aziru (ca. 1360-1335 a.C)

King of the País de Amurru, son and successor of Abdi-Ashirta when this died in Egypt. He/She knew how to overcome their Ba brothers ' aluya, Pubakhla and Niqmepa and thanks to control which took over all the cities, from Byblos to Ugarit and Shallu to Ulluza, since Aziru was considered by his successors as the true founder of the dynasty of Amurru. Aziru was contemporary, among other rulers, Suppiluliumas I and Mursilis II of Hatti, Ammistamru I and Niqmadu II of Ugarit, Aitakkama of Kadesh, Akkizi of Qatna and Rib-Addi of Byblos (Gubla). Such ruling is documented by numerous letters of Tell el-Amarna, in Egypt, and Hittite and ugaritica documentation. Apparently began his reign with the siege and capture of Sumura (today Tell Kazel), residence of a representative of the Pharaoh Akhenaton, which counted with the help of the habiru, Zimredda of Sidon and the boats of Arwad. This was followed by control of many other cities not only from inside Syria, but also of the coast. During his Government knew how to overcome politically Hatti as well as Egypt, declaring himself vassal of one or the other power as required by the circumstances. He/She traveled to Damascus to confer with other Kings and Tunip, to enter into agreements with the Hittites. The worst enemy of Aziru was Rib-Addi of Byblos, according to leave to see a varied documentation. It would even help Ilirapih - brother of Rib-Addi - to conspire against this, that would be expelled from the throne, delivered by Aziru to the Sidonians, who would end up deleting it. This action and the taking of Byblos (Jbeil), in addition to the antiegipcio Pact that was agreed with Aitakkama, enraged to Amenhotep IV, who, as it is known by letters from Tell el-Amarna, ordered him to be submit in Egypt. Aziru, to the good political complexion of the moment and the apparent ineffectiveness of the hittitas, went to the call of the Pharaoh, leaving the command of Amurru in his son Ari-Teshup and his brother Ba aluya. Their stay in Egypt was about two months and had to stop by the death of Amenhotep IV and the access of Tutankhamun to the throne and, above all, by political conflicts arising in Nukhashshe and other cities of the Syrian field. That brief stay was considered a disloyalty by the Hittites. Aziru was, around the year 1351 BC, to sign a very advantageous Treaty with Niqmadu II of Ugarit (renounced the sovereignty of that city in Exchange for 5,000 shekels of silver), and another, total subordination, Suppiluliumas I (bound by the presence of a powerful Hittite army on its borders), according to which Aziru, in addition to the delivery of 300 shekels of gold and precious stonesIt should appear annually before the Hittite King. At his death he/she was succeeded by his son Ari-Teshup.