Biography of Ba Jin o Pa Chin (1904-2005)

Chinese writer born on November 25, 1904 in Chengdu, Sichuan province, and died in Shanghai on October 17, 2005, who suffered political persecution during the Cultural Revolution and is one of the most famous authors of his country. His name is transliterates into sometimes as Pa Chin, although this author's real name was Li Feigan. The pseudonym of Ba Chin or Ba Jin was formed from the first and last syllables, respectively, of the names of Bakunin and Kropotkin, the two famous Russian anarchists who Li admired.

Born into a wealthy family, Ba received a traditional education based on Confucianism and was instructed in modern foreign literatures and languages. Meanwhile, at school he/she discovered the Socialist tenets and her literary vocation. The first novel by Ba, Mieh-wang (extinction), appeared in 1929, when he/she returned to China after two years of study in France. His stay in Paris allowed him to receive the influence of the works of Western writers. During the following four years, Ba published seven novels, most of them about social concerns; BA Jin criticizes above all the traditional family system that forces the children to accept the future that parents choose for them.

Highlights his trilogy of love, consisting of fog (1931), lightning (1933) and lightning (1935), and the most famous of all his novels: La Familia (Chia) [transl. of M.T. Guzmán, Bruguera, Barcelona, 1982], the first volume of the autobiographical trilogy torrent (Chi-liu), which was completed in 1940 with the publication of the second and third volumes spring (Ch' a) and autumn (Ch' iu). In these and some other of his novels, as Garden of repose (Ch' i yuan, 1944) and cold nights (have-yeh, 1947), is reflected the influence of foreign writers, notably Ivan Turgenev, Anton Chekhov and Émile Zola.

The work of Ba was attacked constantly by the Communists both for its content and for its style, although his numerous articles in magazines and his political activities on behalf of the left helped create the emotional climate that allowed intellectuals to accept the Communist revolution. After the establishment of the people's Republic of China in 1949, Ba was considered politically reliable and was chosen to be part of important literary and cultural organizations. Although he/she renounced his anarchist ideas formally at the end of the 1950s, never adapted fully to the new society. During the Cultural Revolution (1966-76), he/she was labeled as a counterrevolutionary and earned harsh criticism. BA not reappeared in public until 1977. In 1978 he/she was elected Deputy to the national people's Congress, and in 1981 he/she was named President of the China Association of writers. One of his last works, random thoughts, compiles his articles written between 1978 and 1986.

Victim of parkinson's disease, during the last years of his life had a very delicate health.