Biography of Ingeborg Bachmann (1926-1973)

Austrian writer, born in Klagenfurt in 1926 and died in Rome in 1973. Between 1945 and 1950, he/she studied philosophy at Innsbruck, Graz and Vienna. Last year he/she received his doctorate with a work on Heidegger. Between 1951 and 1953, he/she worked in radio and television. In 1953 he/she decided to definitely carry on business as a writer and that same year won the Group of 47. Since then set his residence in Rome, with the exception of some rooms in Munich, Berlin and Zurich, and some trips to France, England, United States, Egypt and Sudan.

His work is characterized primarily by its difficult accessibility. His first poems already showed this trend, and its first stories caused great irritation among the public and the critics, which increased with the cycle of novels Todesarten (forms of death), published in part posthumously. While his work has been intensely studied over the past ten years, it has not been just overcome this secrecy.

In addition to poetry and novel, he/she also wrote radio scripts, libretti for the composer Hans Werner Henze and autobiographical texts; to this we must add essays and newspaper articles. It also emphasizes its activity as a translator of English and Italian.

In his first collection of poems (Die gestundete Zeit, delayed time, 1953;) Anrufung des Großen Bären, the call of the great bear, 1956) discovers the feeling of a life threatened by the reality and the historical moment of a recent past experiences: love and nature are the last refuges of the human being. Formal experimentation is the tonic property of seven short novels that make up the volume Das dreissigste Jahr (the thirtieth year, 1961). There is no just action, but just a vain attempt by the protagonist of starting a new life. After his release, Bachmann not edited anything in ten years, while during that time numerous awards recognized the quality of his work. During those years he/she wrote fundamentally in the Todesarten cycle, which published in 1971, as only full part, Malina. Simultaneously (at the same time, 1972) describes the lives of five women who develop a series of strategies for survival in a world dominated by men.