Biography of Francis Bacon (filósofo inglés, 1561-1626)

Politician and English philosopher, born in London January 22, 1561, and died in the same city from April 9, 1626. Son of Sir Nicholas Bacon, who became Lord of the Privy Seal during the reign of Isabel I. studied at Cambridge. He lived in Paris as part of the Embassy of England. He was appointed Special Adviser to the United and joined in 1593 in the House of Commons, but not fully developed his political career until Jacobo Estuardo I ascended to the throne. Won the favor of Jacobo I and the Duke of Buckingham, and became regular counsel for the Crown in 1604, Attorney general in 1613, Lord of the Privy Seal in 1617 and Grand Chancellor in 1618. Also received the titles of Baron Verulam and Viscount of San Albano. Accused of venality in the exercise of their positions by Parliament in 1621, he had to abandon his political career. He devoted his last years to the philosophy and science.

All of his philosophical work revolves around the Instauratio Magna, name given to all its project of reform of science. The bases of the renewal were sitting with his work Novum Organum (1620), new method of inductive logic, named as opposed to the Aristotelian Organon, based mainly on the silogistica. His main works were: trials of morals and politics (1597); Treaty on the value and progress of Sciences (1605); Thoughts and opinions on the interpretation of nature; and history of Henry VII (1622).

Its philosophy is the replacement of the old logic priori and deductive, by experimental and inductive logic. Recourse to the experience as a method of knowing and observing interest, belong to the Anglo-Saxon tradition, to which Bacon added the desire to dominate nature. To govern the nature, it is necessary to obey it. Experimentation, which becomes the interpreter of nature, man must be patient and cautious. The experimentation carried out with precision and firmness is found by induction the general law.

By its general purpose build a new method for science, deemed to Bacon as one of the first modern philosophers, in relation to the line of English empiricism.