Biography of Pietro Badoglio (1871-1956)

Politically and militarily Italian, born in 1871 and died in 1956. He/She participated in the first world war as Commander of the second army; Subsequently he/she was appointed Deputy Chief of the army staff and in 1919 head of the General staff, where he/she served until 1921. Two years later he/she was Ambassador of the Brazil and in 1926 Chief of the staff for the second time. He/She was Governor of Libya from 1928 to 1933.

He directed the Italian Expeditionary Corps in Ethiopia in 1935, replacing general bonus; it occupied Addis Ababa in 1936. That same year he/she was appointed viceroy of Ethiopia. In 1940, as Commander in Chief of the Italian army, signed the Armistice with the French Vichy Government, but because of his refusal to wage the war against Greece, he/she was removed from his post, which general Cavallero occupied that same year.

In 1943, already deposed Mussolini, King, VĂ­ctor Manuel III, called him to form Government. Immediately he/she began negotiations with the allies to sign the peace, at the time that dissolved the fascist party of Mussolini. Then he/she declared war on Germany.

In 1944, after the entry of the allies in Rome, the King had to pull out of the Government, leaving the throne to his son. At this time, Badoglio resigned from their posts and abandoned politics. Two years later, he/she published his memoirs.