Biography of Tadeusz Baird (1928-1981)

Polish composer born in Grdzisk Mazowiecki on July 26, 1928 and died in Warsaw on September 2, 1981.

He studied composition with Woytowicz in Katowice and later with P. Rytel, P. Perkowsi and K. Sikorksi school national Superior of music of Warsaw. There was also a pupil of Wituski piano. He completed his training by conducting studies in musicology at the University.

He was co-founder of the 49 group with musicians Serocki and Krenz. Baird was one of the first Polish composers who used the technique of musical serialism in his work (see post-1950 music). His first compositions as the Symphony No. 1 (1948) or the Concerto for Orchestra (1953) attest to this trend. Like its contemporaries, it profited from the creation of the Warsaw Autumn Festival (1956), which aimed to promote the young composers music and become a point of encounter for musicians coming from other places.

The musical production of Baird is very diverse in nature, with an eclectic style that includes elements of Polish folklore or the aforementioned serialism. To Baird, music is a way of expressing emotions, feelings and inner life adventures. His works are, in their own words, a sort of notebook of notes or autobiography written by the sounds. It should highlight the diversity of their vocal work, with excellent examples such as the four sonnets of love for baritone and Chamber Orchestra on texts by Shakespeare (1956). Other samples of his work for voice are the four songs for mezzosoprano and Orchestra of camera (1966) or letters of Goethe, cantata for baritone, choir and Orchestra (1970). It also made forays in the musical drama with the opera Demain (1966) and explored further the sound possibilities of the Orchestra in his Concerto for Orchestra (1953) and then the Epiphany music for Orchestra (1963) or scenes for cello, harp and Orchestra (1977). Their Espresioni varianti for violin and Orchestra (1959) made it known in Germany.

Creditor of several awards, in 1959 received the prize of composition of UNESCO and in 1962 music of the German city of Cologne. The Government also awarded the Polish artistic national award.


Baid, Tadeusz: Film 2 Music, Barbara Fraftowna, J. Antczak, Polish National Symphony Orchestra, OLY.