Russian theorist of anarchism, born in Priamuchino, Tver, and died in Bern. Coming from a noble family, he/she studied the Hegelian philosophy and abandoning their homeland, in 1840 he/she settled in Berlin. From there he/she began his critique of the existing society, and took part in revolutionary attempts to Paris, Prague, Leipzig and Dresden. Was an apostle of the international revolution, fueling the flame of the insurrection everywhere. The Russian Government obtained his extradition and imprisoned him first in Petersburgo and then in Siberia, where he/she managed to escape. It was in Italy, in the period 1864-1867, where he/she crystallized his political program.
Taking the concept of religious alienation of Feuerbach ("If God exists man is slave") as rationale for the denial of freedom by any human authority, finds that the maximum negation of that freedom is the State. And, given that the support of the State private ownership of the means of production, the destruction of the same will you advocate for raising the flag of collective ownership. Hence would follow the rebellion against the existing economic structure as the only way for a new humanity. This rebellion in the name of freedom, would lead to a libertarian federalism that would overcome the political and national borders. It would represent, against impositions from above, "unity in diversity", the State of solidarity, in which it would obey social laws recognized as such by all, and not imposed by a strange desire, was divine or human. Therefore, according to him, solidarity and freedom "they are the essence of mankind". The rationalism of Bakunin is not rigorous, rather leaving wide field to the irrational and the instinctive life, which for him is the true reality in the drive and creativity.Cannot be ignored, in any case, that Bakunin deeply marked the history of the labor movement, political shaping spirit of rebelliousness that can not lock up at a certain time.Main works: Knuto-Germanic Empire and international; The political theology of Mazzini; God and the State; The revolutionary Catechism; The principles of the revolution; The reaction in Germany (1842); Appeal to the Slavs (1866); Federalism, socialism, antiteologismo; The State and anarchy.