Biography of Víctor Balaguer y Cirera (1824-1901)

Politician, historian, poet and Spanish prose writer, born in Barcelona in 1824 and died in 1910 in the city of Madrid. From very young man had problems with his own mother by her literary vocation and their political ideas, were soon distinguished as political reporter and as a literary critic in newspapers such as the catalan (1847) and the Crown of Aragon (1854). Fourteen the hunchback, who would be the first of its historical dramas, success that will be endorsed work premieres of Pepin Theatre when, in 1843, with only nineteen years old, put in scene Enrique the Davidoso.

Disowned by his family you will need to earn a living with their various publications and works. Balaguer will be one of the fathers of the movement catalan renaxentista, contributing actively to the restoration of the floral games. His literary work is composed poems, plays, history publications, political pamphlets, and even papers on archaeology. In all, Balaguer is shown as a passionate with a great sensibility spirit. His writings also denote a vehemence which, in many cases, ruined their own works. He/She published texts of extraordinary amenities, stunning lyricism and great power of suggestion.

The fame that accumulated as a romantic writer and his passionate involvement in the liberal movement, hiding his historiographic work that, like most of the romantic historiadosres, not observing rules coined by critics of lyrics. This made it subject to many attacks on their popularity and their political positions. In 1852, he/she made his first attempts by approaching the Orthodox historiography, through a series of conferences that dealt with the beauties of the history of Catalonia. Balaguer never hid its shortcomings as a historian, despite which did not cease to be treated with vehemence by his colleagues. Only intended is to recognize you as a popularizer of his love of local history. His historiographic style included a popular and evocative prose that served him to glorify the past of Catalonia through a liberal view of this. Their contributions in the study of the Catalan constitutional tradition and the Crown of Aragon were the continuation and improvement of the already made by Capmany and by Pi and Arimon. His theories on the Catalan, persistent pactist strategy throughout the history of this town, allowed him to establish budgets that are in force in today's society.

His activity in politics was very neat during the progressive biennium, before and after the revolution of 1868, and during the restoration. At first he/she held various positions in to the provincial level as civil Governor of Malaga or President of the Diputación Provincial de Madrid. It would be later chosen during twelve consecutive sessions as Deputy in courts by the city of Villanueva and la Geltrú. In 1871, when Malcampo came to the Presidency of the Government, Balaguer was appointed Minister of overseas. When the general Serranoto form Government a year later would occupy the development portfolio. During the Bourbon Restoration he/she aligned with the theses of the party of Sagasta, which won him that in 1886 it was again appointed Minister of public works.

The last part of his life dedicated it almost exclusively to his literary being named academic language and history work. In the city that had both relied on it, Villanueva and la Geltrú, he/she created his own Opera. Its collections of books, with a total of 22,000 volumes, as well as art objects, among them oddities found in Catalonia, as well as Egyptian, Oriental and pre-Colombian objects are preserved in it.

Some of his principal publications were: beauties of the history of Barcelona (1853); Constitutional freedom (1858); Esperansas lyrics and recorts (1866); Political and literary history of the troubadours (1878-1879).


V. TUBINO, Francisco: History of the literary Renaissance in Catalonia. (Madrid, 1882).

CAPDEVILA, Carles: Les grans figures of the Renaissance of Catalonia: Victor Balaguer. (Barcelona, 1924).