Fifth King of the Belgians, son of Leopoldo III and grandson of Alberto I, born in Brussels on 7 September 1930, and died on July 31, 1993 in Motril (Granada), as a result of a heart attack.
He lived in his native Brussels until the invasion of the country by German troops in 1940, as a result of which the Royal family - without his mother and his grandfather, who had died when Baldwin was still a child - undertook the road of exile to France and then Spain; two years later the family was deported, made prisoner in a German fortress and subsequently liberated by the American army.
The first referendum in Belgium was held in 1950, and as only one part of the flamingos will be shown in favor of restoring the monarchy, Leopoldo III was forced to abdicate in the Prince Baudouin, who received the title of Lieutenant of the Belgian Kingdom. A year later, with just twenty years, Balduino I made his Royal oath, whereupon it became the youngest monarch in Europe. In 1960 he/she married the Spanish Fabiola de Mora y Aragon, which was married more than thirty years, until his death.
The most relevant political events of the reign of Baldwin include the speech to the European Parliament, on the occasion of the thirtieth anniversary of the Foundation of the EEC in 1987; the political and social controversy in 1990, as a result of declaring itself "unable to reign" for a day, due to their deep religious convictions prevented him passing the law of abortion; or the constitutional abolition of the Salic law in 1991, to facilitate the access to the throne to the offspring of his sister, the Princess Astrid.
That same year of 1991 Legislative elections in Belgium were held and he/she was named Knight of the order of the Garter by Queen Elizabeth II. Two years later, in July 1993, the country formally adopted the form of federal State and, a day later, the Belgian monarch addressed last time his people, with a message described as political testament, in which was an appeal so that remained United against the separation between Flemish and Walloon.
During the 42 years of the reign of Baldwin, the country faced serious problems like the growing separatism between the Northern Flemish and the Walloons of the South, or the decolonization of the Congo in 1960. Convinced pro-European and considered one of the symbols of the unity of Belgium, was succeeded on the throne by his brother Alberto of Liège, third son of King Leopold III, had not had children with his wife Fabiola.