Nigerian politician, born in Bauchi. He was a member of the Congress of people North, one of the three provinces in which Nigeria, had split with self-government but under British rule; It was part of the Federal Assembly in 1947. He served as Minister of labour, in 1952 and 1953, and transport of this northern region until 1957, in that ensured a broader self-government (which reached all of the Federation in 1959). He was Prime Minister of the Federation of Nigeria from 1957 until 1960, year in which the country achieves full independence within the Commonwealth of Nations. That year, Balewa became Prime Minister of the new State, heading a coalition of the most important parties of the northern and Western regions.
Political problems and cases of corruption facilitated the success of a coup, that culminated with the murder of the Prime Minister Balewa in January 1966, and with the establishment of the Government of General Johnson Aguiyi-Ironsi military.